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1st Lt. Harold R. Prince
U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF), 5th Air Force (5th AF)
3rd Bombardment Group (3rd BG), 90th Bombardment Squadron (90th BS)
Missing In Action (MIA) off New Guinea
Background
Harold R. Prince was born March 27, 1921 in Rochester, Monroe County, New York. He graduated high school and worked at a chemical factory and was single.

Wartime History
On October 15, 1940 enlisted in the U.S. Army as private first class with serial number 20211256 in the National Guard. Later, assigned to the U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as an aviation cadet. He attended flight school, earned his wings and was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant with serial number O-888775.

Sent overseas to the South West Pacific Area (SWPA) and joined the 5th Air Force (5th AF), 3rd Bombardment Group (3rd BG), 90th Bombardment Squadron (90th BS) as a pilot flying the A-20 Havoc in New Guinea. Promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant. During early 1944, photographed with A-20G "Barry's Baby I.N.S." 42-86768 parked at Nadzab Airfield shaking hands with Lt. Col John P. "Jock" Henebry (C.O. 3rd BG).

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Mission History
On May 14, 1944 at 5:05pm took off piloting A-20G "Barry's Baby I.N.S." 42-86768 on a flight from Momote Airfield on Los Negros Island piloted by 1st Lt. Harold R. Prince on an administrative flight bound for Nadzab Airfield. The crew included gunner TSgt Ashford H. Cardwell, engineer TSgt Anthony Zulkus and passenger 2nd Lt. Ambrose J. Finnegan, Jr. aboard as a courier. The weather was reported as good on the flight route. Forty minutes into the flight, this A-20 attempted to ditch in the sea but both engines failed roughly 30' altitude and nosed over impacting hard. When this aircraft failed to arrive it was officially listed as Missing In Action (MIA). After the crash, Prince, Cardwell and Finnegan were never seen again. Sole survivor Zulkus survived and was rescued by a barge and taken to Saidor where he was hospitalized.

Search
Afterwards, the search for this aircraft was led by Major Kenneth E. Rosebush. On May 15, 1944 a pair of A-20s piloted by Captain Dean and Major Kenneth E. Rosebush took off on a search mission but failed to locate any trace of the plane or missing crew members.

Memorials
The three missing crew: Prince, Cardwell and Finnegan were officially declared dead the day of the mission. All three are memorialized at Manila American Cemetery on the tablets of the missing. Since the flight was deemed to be a non-combat flight, none of the crew earned the Purple Heart, posthumously.

Prince earned the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and Air Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters.

References
Pacific Wrecks - A-20G Havoc 42-86768
NARA World War II Army Enlistment Records - Harold R. Prince
The Courier "Barry's Baby" June 1, 1944
"Here's a Havoc light bomber, stationed out in New Guinea, and named after Barry Faris, editor-in-chief-of International News Service by its crew. They got to know Faris when he made a tour of the Pacific fronts last year [1943]. The bomber, which has been prominet in the recent Hollandia action, has a sister ship named "The Pride of INS," Lieutenant Harold Prince, of Venice, Cal., second from left, is the pilot of the plane. Shown with hi are, left to right: Major Kenneth E. Rosebush, of Iola, Kan.: Lieutenant Colonel John P. Henebry, of Plainfield, Ill, and Lee Van Atta, youthful INS war correspondent in that area."
Individual Deceased Personnel File (IDPF) - Harold R. Prince
Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) Service Member Personnel Profile - 1st Lt Harold R. Prince
"Based on all information available, DPAA assessed the individual's case to be in the analytical category of Non-recoverable."
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Harold R. Prince
FindAGrave - 1Lt Harold R Prince (news, tablets of the missing photo)
Democrat and Chronicle "First Lt. H. R. Prince Killed In Action" July 14, 1944 page 15
"First Lt. Harold R. Prince, 23, was killed in action May 14, returning from a personal mission for Gen. MacArthur, according to a letter in the General has written to the officer's parents, Mr. and Mrs. William S. Carr of Santa Monica, Calif., formally of Rochester."

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