Boeing B-29 Superfortress
During WWII it was used only in the
Pacific by the 20th Air Force against the Japanese. It was a very advanced
bomber for it's day, with pressurized crew compartments and remote-controlled
gun turrets. While envisioned as a high altitude daylight bomber, it's
greatest successes were low-level nighttime raids dropping incendiary bombs
on the combustible Japanese cities. The B-29 "Enola Gay" 44-86292 and B-29 "Bockscar" 44-27297 are famous for dropping the A-bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which
ended the Pacific War.
After World War II, the B-29 became the main means of intended
delivery for nuclear bombs and were used during the Korean War for strategic bombing.
Built by Boeing in Wichita, KS, and Martin in Omaha, Nebraska (production "MO") and Bell-Atlantic (production "BA").
Modified for weather reconnaissance mission. These bombers had a observation position above the central fuselage. They conducted weather an nuclear weapon test air sampling tests and data collection.
Modified for photographic reconnaissance.
Postwar, the USAF converted some B-29s into a fuel tanker version, KB-29M and KB-29P.
Crew Ten or more (pilot, co-pilot, bombardier, navigator, engineer, radio, CFC gunner, waist gunners, tail gunner, radar)
Engine 4 x 1600kW Wright R-3350-23 turbofan engines
Maximum Speed 357 mph at 31,856'
Range 2,823 miles
Armament 12 x .50 cal. MG, four each in the top turrets and two each in the belly turrets also 20mm cannon in tail
Bombload 20,000 pounds of bombs