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July 1942
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology

WEDNESDAY, 1 JULY 1942

THURSDAY, 2 JULY 1942

FRIDAY, 3 JULY 1942

SATURDAY, 4 JULY 1942

SUNDAY, 5 JULY 1942

MONDAY, 6 JULY 1942

TUESDAY, 7 JULY 1942

WEDNESDAY, 8 JULY 1942

THURSDAY, 9 JULY 1942

FRIDAY, 10 JULY 1942

SATURDAY, 11 JULY 1942

SUNDAY, 12 JULY 1942

MONDAY, 13 JULY 1942

TUESDAY, 14 JULY 1942

WEDNESDAY, 15 JULY 1942

THURSDAY, 16 JULY 1942

FRIDAY, 17 JULY 1942

SATURDAY, 18 JULY 1942

SUNDAY, 19 JULY 1942

MONDAY, 20 JULY 1942

TUESDAY, 21 JULY 1942

WEDNESDAY, 22 JULY 1942

THURSDAY, 23 JULY 1942

FRIDAY, 24 JULY 1942

SATURDAY, 25 JULY 1942

SUNDAY, 26 JULY 1942

MONDAY, 27 JULY 1942

TUESDAY, 28 JULY 1942
ALASKA (11th AF): An air coverage survey for Army ground operations to Adak and Tanaga is flown. Weather cancels a bombing mission to Kiska.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th AF): A 22nd BG B-26 bombs installations at Gona. Commander-designate of Allied Air Forces Lieutenant General George C. Kenney arrives in Australia.

WEDNESDAY, 29 JULY 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): Four B-24s and five B-17s bomb vessels and installations in the Kiska Harbor area with unobserved results due to clouds.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th AF): Eight 3rd BG A-24's that took off from 7-Mile Drome near Port Moresby. Escorted by 35th FG 41st FS P-39 flying top cover, and 8th FG, 80th FS flying close escort. One A-24 aborted the mission, and seven proceeded to bomb Japanese transports 20 miles north of Gona, 1 1/4 miles form shore. The convoy was being protected by A6M2 Zeros of the Tainan Kokutai which attack the A-24 as they start their dives. The A-24s dive-bomb in two waves. The first wave: A-24 41-15797 (shot down), A-24 piloted by Hill (damaged and gunner badly wounded) and A-24 piloted by Raymond Wilkins (the only aircraft to return to 7-Mile). The second wave: A-24 41-15819, A-24 41-15766, A-24 piloted by Cassels and A-24 piloted by Parker all four were shot down. The Kotoku Maru, was hit once at the No. 5 hatch during the second wave, forcing it to depart after unload her troops but not her load of cargo. Afterwards, the Japanese ships all returned to Lae. HQ 8th Fighter Group moves from Brisbane to Townsville.

IJA: Japanese Army recapture Kokoda, which they temporarily lost the previous day.

THURSDAY, 30 JULY 1942

ALASKA (11th AF): One LB-30, nine B-17s and three B-24s fly photo reconnaissance and bombing missions to Tanaga and Kiska; the missions are unsuccessful due to bad weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) (10th AF): CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): The Japanese send about 120 aircraft against the base at Hengyang from which CATF is harassing the Yangtze Valley; the attacks last about 36 hours; fierce opposition by US P-40s prevents major damage to the base; 17 Japanese aircraft are shot down, 4 of them at night; 3 P-40s are lost.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): B-17s of the 11th Bombardment Group (11th BG) begin arriving at Espiritu Santo where they are to constitute a reconnaissance and strike force over the Guadalcanal-Tulagi-Gavutu area in preparation for the amphibious assault by U.S. Marines on August 7, 1942.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th AF): B-17s attack shipping in the Solomon Sea east of the Huon Gulf and south of New Britain. 19th BG B-17s bomb Kotoku Maru off Salamaua causing it to drift onto the reef and sink. Written off after sustaining damage on the ground is B-17E "Tojo's Physic" 41-2640.

FRIDAY, 31 JULY 1942

General Douglas MacArthur wires General George Marshall his opposition to the awarding of the Medal of Honor to General Johnathan Wainwright. MacArthur was angry over Wainwright's surrender of Manila and blamed him for the loss of the Philippines.

ALASKA (11th AF): A B-24 and an LB-30 fly weather and photo reconnaissance; weather cancels a combat mission to Kiska.

USN: USS Grunion SS-216 is presumed lost off Kiska.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th AF): A single B-17 from Midway flies photo reconnaissance of Wake and intercepted by six fighters; in the ensuing fight gunners claim four fighters destroyed.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA (SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Colonel LaVerne G. Saunders leads nine B-17s from his 11th Bombardment Group (11th BG) from Efate on a bombing mission against Lunga Point Airfield and Kukum Beach on Guadalcanal. From this date until the American invasion of Guadalcanal on August 7, 1942 the 11th Bombardment Group flies 56 strike and 22 search sorties in support of the invasion of Guadalcanal.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th AF): B-17s hit Gona and a nearby transport [Ayutosen Maru] which had been previously damaged, and bomb Kukum Beach and Lunga Point Airfield on the north coast of Guadalcanal. Meanwhile, the U.S. invasion forces leave Fiji for the Solomon Islands.



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