WEDNESDAY, 1 SEPTEMBER 1943
ALASKA: Two P-40's attempting to intercept Japanese aircraft reported near Attu abort
because of weather.
(Seventh Air Force): Between September 1 to 14, eight B-24's conduct daily
sea-search operations from Canton.
(Tenth Air Force): A detachment of the 9th Photographic Squadron, Tenth
Air Force, based at Pandaveswar begins operating from Dinjan, India with
F-4's and F-5's. The 459th Fighter Squadron is activated at Karachi and
assigned to the 80th Fighter Group. The squadron begins training with P-38's.
(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 7 B-25's, supported by 8 P-40's, attack a
Japanese destroyer at Shihhweiyao; no hits are scored on the ship but considerable damage is done to the surrounding dock area; 6
P-40's sink a small tanker down river from Ichang, damage 2 large boats between
Ocheng and Shihhweiyao, and strafe cavalry troops at Ocheng; 3 other P-40's
heavily damage a small ship at Swatow harbor and strafe the nearby airfield;
3 P-38's and a P-40 dive-bomb and strafe barracks at Yangsin, demolishing 3
buildings; and 2 nearby locomotives are also destroyed. The fighter-bombers
then heavily damage a small steamer at Wuchang, sink 1 tug and damage another
at Kutang, and blast a train and an AA position S of Puchi. During Sep 43, HQ
23d Fighter Group transfers from Kunming to Kweilin. During Sep 43, detachments
of the 449th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group based at Lingling operate
from Hengyang and Kweilin with P-38's.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): 70+ B-24's and B-25's hit
the Alexishafen / Madang area, dropping 201 tons of bombs (heaviest by Fifth Air Force to date). Other
B-25's hit Iboki Plantation, barges on the Bubui
River in New Guinea, the Rein Bay on New Britain area and several villages in
New Britain. B-17's bomb Labu , New Guinea. B-26's attack Cape
Gloucester area. B-24's and B-25's strike targets in the
Lesser Sunda. The 68th and 69th Troop Carrier Squadrons, 433d Troop Carrier
Group, arrive at Port Moresby from the US with C-47's. The 432d Fighter Squadron, 475th Fighter Group, ceases
operating from Port Moresby and returns
to it's base at Dobodura with
THURSDAY, 2 SEPTEMBER 1943
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Ten B-25's and five P-40's bomb
Hong Kong hitting the Kowloon area and attack shipping off Stonecutter's and
in the Lai Chi Kok area.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 24 B-25's and 60+ US
Navy aircraft pound Vila, hitting AA and artillery positions
and the area E of Ringa Cove on New Georgia. 18 B-24's, 20+ P-40's and P-39's,
and 60+ USN planes attack Kahili; shore installations, the airfield, and bridges N of the strip are hit.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-25's, with P-38 escort, attack shipping
at Wewak Harbor, claiming
1 vessel sunk and 2 left aflame; 10 enemy interceptors are claimed destroyed;
barrage balloons offer some protection to the enemy ships. This is first AAF
observation of Japanese use of such balloons in the Southwest Pacific Area. Lost are B-25D 41-30319 (POW / MIA), B-25D 41-30247 (MIA), B-25D 41-30255 (MIA) and P-38H 42-66563 (MIA). On a bombing mission by 12 B-17s against Cape Glouchester Airfield, lost are B-17E "Craps For The Japs" 41-2653 (MIA), P-38G "Dumbo!" 42-12847 (survived), L-4 piloted by Hayer (KIA, WIA), P-38H 42-66538 (survived). Also lost is B-24D "Battlin' Betts" 42-41099 (MIA).
IJA: Wewak No. 7 Convoy is attacked by American aircraft in Wewak Harbor and Boram Bay off Wewak. Nagato Maru (sunk), Hankow Maru (sunk), Aden Maru (damaged), Shinyu Maru, Yubae Maru, subchaser CH-26 and subchaser CH-34.
USMC: Lost is F4U 02602 (MIA).
FRIDAY, 3 SEPTEMBER 1943
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): 11 P-40's and 2 P-38's blast
the barracks area at Pho Lu, French Indochina. HQ 68th Fighter Wing and 69th
Bombardment Wing are activated at Kunming. Neither unit will be manned
until Dec 1943.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 20+ B-24's, 14 P-40's,
and 30+ USN airplanes attack Kahili Airfield. Vila Airfield is bombed by 5 B-24's and 10 USN aircraft. P-40's strafe a wharf
at Webster Cove on New Georgia.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): Heavy and medium bombers blast gun emplacements
and terrace defenses in the Lae area. Other heavy bombers hit the Cape Gloucester. Light raids are flown against targets
on Ceram in the Moluccas and Timor.
SATURDAY, 4 SEPTEMBER 1943
AMERICAN ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): HQ XI Bomber Command transfers from Amchitka to Adak.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force): The 19th Fighter Squadron, 318th Fighter
Group, transfers from Kipapa Field to Stanley Field, Territory of Hawaii with
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Ten B-25's and eleven P-40's pound
Tien Ho Airfield; 3 of 15 intercepting Zekes are claimed shot down.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 23 B-25's hit the Dulo
Cove area on New Georgia; 9 B-24's, 15 AAF fighters, and 20+ USN fighters hit
the airfield on Ballale.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): The Allied offensive against
Lae begins as forces land at Hopoi and the mouth of the Buso River; B-24's support
the landings by pounding Lae Airfield, B-25's hit the Hopoi area and bomb
Cape Gloucester Airfield; A-20's and Royal Australian
Air Force (RAAF) planes hit Gasmata Airfield; supporting
P-38's intercept 100+ enemy fighters and bombers, which are airborne despite
the attacks on airfields, and claim 20 shot down. Lost is P-38H 42-66748 (MIA).
RAAF: Ten Beauforts from 100 Squadron bomb Gasmata Airfield. Lost is Beaufort A9-204 (MIA).
SUNDAY, 5 SEPTEMBER 1943
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): 15 fighter-bombers pound the
marshalling yard SE of Lao Kay, French Indochina; 16 others hit barracks in
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): In the Lae and Nadzab area, 52 medium bombers and pounding of Lae Airfield by 24 heavy
bombers; a smoke screen is laid over the area by A-20's. Next, 82 C-47'S drop US Army's 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment paratrooper plus the Australian AIF 2/4th Field Gun Volunteers with short barrel 25
pounders at Nadzab. This is the first paratrooper drop in the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA); Nadzab
Airfield is quickly put into operational condition and will subsequently become a major
Allied airbase. Observing the drop, MacArthur, Kenney and Sutherland orbit the area aboard three B-17Fs. Lost is P-38H 42-66556 (rescued).
RAAF: Two Beaufighters attack Cape Gloucester Airfield. Lost is Beaufighter A19-33 (MIA). In the morning, Bostons from 22 Squadron attack Gasmata being repaired. Meanwhile, ten Beauforts from 100 Squadron escorted by eight P-40s Kittyhawks from 76 Squadron attack Gasmata Airfield. Over the target, three were lost due to anti-aircraft fire including Beaufort A9-374 (MIA), Beaufort A9-183 (MIA) and Beaufort A9-186 (MIA). Also lost was Beaufort A9-362 (crew unhurt) damaged over the target and force landed and written off at Vivigani Airfield.
MONDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER 1943
CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 6 fighter-bombers attack wharves, vessels,
and destroy a small factory building in the Yoyang-Shihhweiyao area; 5 others
hit trucks, trains, gun emplacements, and railway facilities in areas around
Sintsiang and Puchi.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): B-25's and P-39's hit
enemy positions at Kakasa on Choiseul; B-24's blast gun positions at Vila.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): Heavy bombers pound Lae
Airfield and surrounding area, and medium bombers bomb and strafe enemy defenses
in Malahang and vicinity, as Allied ground forces push toward Lae; US fighters claim eight
enemy aircraft downed over Lae. B-25's fly a sweep against barges along
the coast of New Britain in the Bismarck Archipelago and bomb targets on Timor. Crash landed is B-24D "Scorpion" 41-24073 (wounded, survived)
(13th AF, USN) Fighters and bombers fly a strike mission against a suspected a radar
site on Morgusaia (Magusaiai). F4U Corsairs and F6F Hellcats (first combat mission in the South Pacific theater) fly top cover, including 14 F6F Hellcats from VF-33. Also escorting are eight P-39 Airacobras from the 68th Fighter Squadron, who claim five shot down. Lost are P-39N 42-18798 (MIA), P-38G 42-12850 (MA) and P-39N 42-19022 (MIA). TBF Avengers bomb and strafe the target area. Ensign Warren flying 50 miles southeast of Shortlands, due south of Fauro Island made contact with enemy aircraft and claimed one Zero shot down, the first Hellcat fighter victory in the South Pacific. Japanese records indicate a force of bombers and fighters attacked at 10:50 Tokyo time (12:50 local time). They claimed 12 fighters and 1 bomber as uncertain. The Japanese lost one plane crashed, 1 heavily damaged and 1 moderately damaged.
TUESDAY, 7 SEPTEMBER 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force): B-25's attack Gokteik Viaduct,
Burma, causing minor damage.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): Two B-25's bomb barge
depot and supply area east of Ringa Cove on New Georgia.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-24's and B-26's bomb
the Lae area; B-25's bomb and strafe nearby targets on road to Markham; P-38's
turn back enemy bombing attack on Morobe; and C-47's begin flying the Australian
7 Division to Nadzab. During an early morning takeoff, B-24D "Pride of the Cornhuskers" 42-40682 crashs and kills 59 and wounds 92 from Australian 2/33rd Infantry Battalion on the ground waiting to load into C-47s.
A-20's hit Gasmata area. The 70th Troop
Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group, arrives at Townsville from the US with C-47's.
IJN: Thirty-six A6M Zeros from the 202 Kokutai escorted two Ki-46-II Dinahs piloted by Murumitsu Sasaki and the other by C. O. Captain Kuruyasu Ichikawa on a mission over Darwin. Over the target, intercepted by RAAF Spitfires.
RAAF: Spitfires take off to intercept Japanese aircraft attacking Darwin. Eight are lost including Spitfire LZ884 (pilot survived) and Spitfire EF558 (pilot killed).
U. S. Army: Sunk is MV Lakatoi.
WEDNESDAY, 8 SEPTEMBER 1943
(Seventh Air Force): B-24's patrolling from Canton fire on
a flying boat scoring hits and a hut causing no visible damage.
(Tenth Air Force): Six B-24's mine the Rangoon River during the night
of 8/9 Sep; and B-25's hit Gokteik Viaduct for the second consecutive day, scoring
5 hits at the base of the structure, which remains usable.
(Fifth Air Force): B-17's, B-24's, B-25's and B-26's pound the
Lae area, and A-20's hit Salamaua. The Japanese at Salamaua are ordered to prepare
to fall back to Lae in face of the approaching Australian 5 Division. Elements
of the Australian 9 Division, moving west towards Lae, reach the flooded Busu River
where the Japanese hold the west bank. Other heavy and medium bombers carry out
light raids on targets in western part of New Guinea and in the Netherlands East
Indies. Lost on a patrol mission to Wau is P-38H 42-66542 (MIA).
RAAF: Lost on a search mission is Hudson A16-233 (MIA)
THURSDAY, 9 SEPTEMBER 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): At Umnak,
Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) No 14 (Fighter) Squadron prepares to depart
for British Columbia, Canada.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA BURMA-INDIA (Tenth Air Force): B-24's again mine the Rangoon
River during the night of 8/9 Sep.
CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Eight B-25's and eleven P-40's hit the White Cloud Airfield; Four P-38's
bomb the docks at Whampoa; Eight P-40's and P-38's hit shipping on the Yangtze River
shipping near Chiuchiang, Kichun, Wusueh, Ocheng, and Changanyi, and strafe
targets of opportunity in the general area.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 12 B-25's and 50+ USN
dive bombers pound Vila Airfield and barges at Disappointment
Cove on New Georgia. 18 B-24's, with fighter escort, bomb Kahili Airfield. 2 nearby coastal guns are also hit. Lost is F4U 02552.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-25's bomb and strafe coastal area from Alexishafen to Finschhafen and hit points on coast of New Britain. Lost is B-25D "Jelly Belly 2nd" 41-30516 (MIA). Heavy bombers attack Garove Island. Selaroe is hit by a light medium bombers strike. Lost on a training flight is B-24D "Joltin' Janie" 42-40065 (crew survived).
FRIDAY, 10 SEPTEMBER 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Nine B-24's fly from Adak to Attu in preparation for a mission to Paramushiru tomorrow.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA BURMA-INDIA (Tenth Air Force): B-25's again bomb Gokteik Viaduct
in Burma. The approaches are battered but the viaduct remains usable. The detachment
of ground personnel of the 491st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment
Group (Medium), at Gaya returns to base at Chakulia.
(Fourteenth Air Force): Ten B-25's and seven P-40's hit a cotton warehouse
north of Wuchang and docks at Hankow; 9 of 20 intercepting Zekes are claimed destroyed;
9 P-38's bomb docks at Whampoa.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-25's attack barges along the New Britain
coast. Lost is F-5A Lightning 42-13088 (MIA). Lost in a crash landing was B-26 "Easy Pickin'" 40-1368 (crew unhurt).
(Australian Army) The Australian Army 7 Division, having been flown to Nadzab in C-47's, begins a push east toward Lae.
SATURDAY, 11 SEPTEMBER 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Twelve B-25's and 8 B-24's attack Paramushiru for the third and last time this year. Six B-24's bomb the Kashiwabara staging area; shipping is bombed and strafed in Kashiwabara Harbor and Paramushiru
Straits; 1 freighter and 1 large transport are sunk while 1 transport and
2 cargo ships are damaged; 2 other cargo vessels sustain possible hits; targets
hit on land include 2 buildings and an AA battery on Shimushu.
Of 40 fighters intercepting, 13 are shot down and 3 more are probables.
Two B-24's force land in the USSR including B-24A 40-2367 (crew interned in USSR), one with mechanical defect, the other after
being hit; One B-24 is downed by AA fire; losses are seven B-25's Mitchells including B-25C Mitchell 42-53354 (MIA) and two B-24 Liberators including B-24D 41-23890 (MIA). This is the most disastrous day for the Eleventh Air Force. It will be another
5 months before it is able to strike at the Kurils again. The 77th Bombardment
Squadron (Medium), 28th Composite Group, transfers from Adak to Amchitka with B-25's.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Ten B-25's and eleven P-40's
attack the Hankow docks and Wuchang cotton mills; and 3 P-38's bomb ammunition
and fuel depots at Tayeh and strafe warehouses and barracks at Yangsin.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 18 B-25's pound the
area W of Vila Airfield and west of Disappointment Cove on New
Georgia. The Vila Airfield is hit again in the evening by 3 B-24's. 27 B-24's at 21,000' are escorted by 16 F6Fs of VF-33, 8 RNZAF P-40s, 18 F4Us, 8 P-39s, 7 P-40s, bomb Kahili Airfield at 12:15. B-24's and fighters
claimed 7 aircraft shot down. The attacking fighters made no effort to attack the bombers. F4Us engage 15-20 Zekes and Tonys at 21-27,000' between Shortland and Fauro and claim 4 Zeks and 2 Tonys shot down. F6Fs engage 7 Zekes and Tonys claim 1 Zeke. Japanese claim 2 x B-24 and 14 fighters shot down and admit to the loss of one fighter and damage to tents on the ground in Mainichi newspaper report on September 13. Losses F6F Hellcat 25902 (MIA). F4U 02536 (rescued), F4U 02550 (MIA). Also, P-40's and P-39's support USN dive bombers in
striking gun positions at Hamberi on New Georgia.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-24's bomb Makassar. Lost is B-24D "The Red Ass" 42-40524 (MIA). Australian Army forces cross the Francisco River to Salamaua Airfield as Japanese forces withdraw
RAAF: Lost is Seagull A2-19 (MIA).
SUNDAY, 12 SEPTEMBER 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): HQ XI Fighter Command transfers from Elmendorf
Field to Adak.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA BURMA-INDIA (Tenth Air Force): The 90th Fighter Squadron,
80th Fighter Group, transfers from Karachi to Jorhat with P-40's. The
squadron will fly it's first combat mission on 16 Sep.
CHINA (Fourteenth Air
Force): In China, eight P-38's bomb shipping in the Hong Kong area, four P-38s hit Yangtze
River traffic at Chiuchiang, and four P-40's strafe barracks and destroy a locomotive
west of Shihhweiyao.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-17's and B-24's pound
Lae as the Japanese begin a withdrawal in the face of the Australian 9 and 7
Divisions moving in from east and west; the Australian 5 Division occupies Salamaua and surrounding area; the first Allied airplane lands at Salamaua Airfield;
and B-25's strafe between Saidor and Langemak Bay. B-25's hit barges near Cape
Gloucester and A-20's bomb a radio station on Gasmata. Lost on a training flight is B-26 40-1406 near Cape Killerton.
RAAF: Bostons from 22 Squadron attack Gasmata. Lost is DB-7B "Spirt of Sport" A28-15 (MIA) and DB-7B "J is for Jessica" A28-8 force landed with the crew unhurt at Vivigani Airfield.
USN: At 6:50pm four F4U Corsairs strafe Kahili Airfield, attacking west to east at dusk. They claim 7 aircraft probably destroyed on the ground. One Betty was seen with wheels down, but could not be attacked. Slight anti-aircraft fire from aifield, intense anti-aircraft fire from destroyer, which was also strafed. All four F4U's returned. Lost are F4U 02338 (MIA) and B-26 "Reluctant Dragon" 40-1406 (survived).
MONDAY, 13 SEPTEMBER 1943
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC THEATER (Fifth Air Force): B-24's escorted
by P-38's, bomb airfields and ammunition dumps in the Wewak area; and B-25's
hit Lae. Lost are P-40N "Mr. Five by Five / Pumkins" 42-104977 (survived), P-38H 42-66837 (survived) and P-38H 42-66734 (KIA, BR).
USN - Strikes Rabaul. Lost is F4U Corsair 17435 (MIA).
RNZAF - Ditched off Guadalcanal is P-40M NZ3066 (pilot rescued)
TUESDAY, 14 SEPTEMBER 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force): HQ 311th Bombardment Group (Dive) and it's 382d Bombardment
Squadron (Dive) arrive at Nawadih from the US with A-36's. The group
will fly it's first combat mission on 16 Oct.
CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Fifteen B-24's are dispatched to Haiphong. The first flight aborts due to bad weather but the second flight
reaches the target area and bombs docks and shipping. four P 38's severely damage
two vessels at Chiuchiang. The 25th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group,
transfers from Dinjan, India to Yunnani with P-40's. The squadron's detachment
at Jorhat also transfers.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): Allied airfields facilities on Guadalcanal, Barakoma Airifeld and Munda Airfield are
attacked by Japanese airplanes throughout the day. B-24's, with AAF and USN
fighter escorts, bomb Kahili Airfield three times during the day.
30+ B-24's unload on dispersal and revetment areas and on runways, causing considerable
damage; 8 Japanese interceptors are claimed shot down. 3 B-25's bomb Vila Airfield and 2 B-24's and 6 Venturas attack the Vila area. P-39's join
USN fighters and dive bombers in attack on Ballale Airfield. Lost are F6F Hellcat 8979 (rescued), F6F Hellcat 09024 (MIA) and P-40F 41-14107 (POW, executed).
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-25's attack Lae and barges
in Hansa Bay; B-24's bomb Kendari. The detachment of the 6th Nighter
Fighter Squadron, 15th Fighter Group, which has been operating from New Guinea
since 18 Apr with P-70's, begins a movement back to it's base at Kipapa, Territory
WEDNESDAY, 15 SEPTEMBER 1943
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Five B-24's attack a cement plant
at Haiphong; 50+ Japanese fighters attack the B-24's. Lost are B-24D "Mohawk" 42-40786, B-24D "Temptation" 41-24129 and B-24D "Daisy Mae" 41-24218; the one returning B-24 claims ten fighters downed. Six B-25's and
fourteen P-40's attack a cotton mill in the Wuchang area.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): B-25's bomb Vila Airfield, Kahili and Kara Airfield. B-24's, with
fighter escort, later pound the runway area of Kahili Airfield; others hit Parapatu Point
on New Georgia. During the night, B-25's hit Kahili Airfield twice and heavy
bombers bomb Buka Airfield and Ballale Airfield. During the day, Ballale Airfield is also hit by
USN dive bombers, supported by AAF, USN and US Marine Corps (USMC) fighters;
a bivouac area, revetments, supply dumps and gun positions are hit; the runway
appears badly damaged by the strikes. Lost are F6F Hellcat 25883 (MIA), F6F Hellcat 26009 (rescued), F4U Corsair 17489 (rescued).
HQ 403d Troop Carrier Group arrives on
Espiritu Santo from the US. A detachment of the 6th Night Fighter
Squadron, 15th Fighter Group, that has been operating from Guadalcanal with
P-70's since 28 Feb 43, departs for it's base at Kipapa.
The 372d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 307th Bombardment Group (Heavy), that
has been operating from Carney Field (Bomber 2) with B-24'ssince 5 Aug, returns to it's
base on Espiritu Santo for R&R.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-24's, with P-38 escort,
bomb airfields in the Wewak area, destroying 10 enemy aircraft on the ground;
14 more are claimed destroyed in air combat. B-17's bomb the Lae area lost is B-17F "Listen Here Tojo" 41-24552 (MIA) and B-25's
sink about 15 barges between Alexishafen and Finschhafen, blast an ammunition
and supply dump near Bogadjim, and attack AA positions at Bostrem Bay.
THURSDAY, 16 SEPTEMBER 1943
FRIDAY, 17 SEPTEMBER 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force): The 383d and 385th Bombardment Squadrons (Dive), 311th
Bombardment Group (Dive), arrive at Nawadih from the US with A-36's.
The 383d will enter combat on 16 Oct.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-25's carry out a coastal sweep against
barges and villages from Reiss Point to Langemak Bay, New Guinea. Lost on a training mission is B-25D "The Little Gem" 41-30321.
USN: PV-1 Ventura 33214 (1 KIA, crew rescued 3 weeks later).
SATURDAY, 18 SEPTEMBER 1943
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force): 24 B-24's, flying out of Funafuti and Canton bomb Betio and Maiana
and Abemama during the night of 18/19 Sep. This action
is part of a coordinated AAF-USN attack on Tarawa, aimed at preventing Japanese
attacks on US installations at Baker and Funafuti.
BURMA-INDIA (Tenth Air Force): The 71st Liaison Squadron, US Army Forces
CBI, based at Ramgarh sends a detachment to Ledo with L-4's and
CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): 4 B-25's and 7 P-40's attack rail yards and
blast furnaces at Shihhweiyao, China.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): B-24's bomb Naru Airfield and attack
a phosphate plant and radio station on Nauru.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): A-20's hit Tami; B-26's and RAAF airplanes bomb and strafe Finschhafen. The 65th
Troop Carrier Squadron, 54th Troop Carrier Wing, based at Port
operating from Tsili Tsili with C-47's.
SUNDAY, 19 SEPTEMBER 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): The 21st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 30th Bombardment
Group (Heavy), begins a movement from Shemya with B-24's to Smoky Hill AAFld,
Kansas where it will be inactivated on 1 Nov 43.
CENTRAL PACIFIC (Seventh Air Force): Twenty B-24s from Funafuti and Canton, bomb Tarawa and Abemama and obtain photo
coverage of Betio. One B-24 is lost to interceptors.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): B-25's and USN dive bombers,
covered by fighters, bomb Vila Airfield and a causeway, enemy
positions, and ammunition dump at Disappointment Cove on New Georgia . Other
B-25's bomb and strafe barge centers at Ringa Cove and Webster Coves on New
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-25's and B-26's pound Finschhafen in preparation for Allied landings on 22 Sep. B-17's and B-24's
bomb Cape Gloucester Airfield and the surrounding area. B-24's
and B-25's fly small strikes against Amboina, Selaroe and Penfoei.
RAAF - Lost to anti-aircraft fire over Cape Hoskins area is Beaufighter A19-133.
MONDAY, 20 SEPTEMBER 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, B-24's bomb Sagaing and Naba. The 384th Bombardment
Squadron (Dive), 311th Bombardment Group (Dive), arrives at Nawadih from
the US with A-36's. The squadron will fly it's first mission on 17 Oct.
CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): 27 Japanese bombers and 20 fighters attack the
airfield at Kunming; 24 P-40's and 3 P-38's intercept, claiming 17 airplanes
shot down; 1 US fighter is lost; damage to Kunming Airfield is negligible. The 16th
Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, transfers from Kweilin to Hengyang with P-40's.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): First Lieutenant
Henry Meigs II of the 6th Night Fighter Squadron, flying a P-38 against Japanese
night attackers over Bougainville shoots down two G4M1 Betty bombers of the 702 Kokutai within 60 seconds: G4M1 piloted by Itakura and G4M1 piloted by Kisuberi.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-25's and B-17's hit
roads from Kaiapit to Madang, destroying 3 key bridges; P-39's strafe and
dive-bomb the Bogadjim-Yaula area; and B-24's bomb Wewak Airfield and Boram
B-25's hit Penfoei. Lost are P-38H "Mareelee II" 42-66851 (rescued) and P-38H 42-66833 (survived).
TUESDAY, 21 SEPTEMBER 1943
CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Eight B-25's and eight P-40's attack railroad yards and
warehouses at Chiuchiang, causing considerable destruction.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): Twenty plus B-24's bomb
the runway and revetment area at Buka Airfield. About 20 Japanese
fighters intercept; 2 Zekes are shot down.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): A-20's, B-26's, and RAAF
aircraft hit Tami Island and pound Finschhafen in preparation for the Allied
amphibious assault on the following day; B-25's bomb and strafe the Bogadjim area and Langgoer. B-24's
hit Cape Gloucester and a freighter near Talasea; A-20's and RAAF aircraft
bomb Gasmata. Lost is P-40N 42-104984. The 70th Troop Carrier Squadron,
433d Troop Carrier Group, transfers from Townsville, Queensland, Australia
New Guinea with C-47's. Lost is B-24D "Nothing Sacred" 42-40509.
JAAF: Japanese bombers attack, two crashed and two others failed to return. US claims were for four bombers and several fighters claimed. Lost is P-40N 42-104984.
WEDNESDAY, 22 SEPTEMBER 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, B-25's attack the Ye-u branch line railroad
bridge over the Mu River between Ywataung and Monywa. Negligible damage is done
to the target.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): After a preparatory naval
bombardment, elements of the Australian 9 Division land at the mouth of the
Song River N of Finschhafen and push to the S; B-25's pound defenses in the Finschhafen area; almost 90 fighters battle Japanese aircraft attacking the
convoy; 38 enemy aircraft are claimed shot down. Lost is G4M1 Betty piloted by Uchibaba.
A-20's and B-25's hit Lae. B-24's and B-25's bomb the airfield on Gasmata; and B-24 hit Amboina.
THURSDAY, 23 SEPTEMBER 1943
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Admiral Thomas C Kinkaid issues Operations Plan
(Op Plan) 9-43 which reorganizes the Alaskan Army and Navy air strength. The
Commanding General Eleventh Air Force becomes Commander of Task Force 90 (TF
90), composed of Task Group 90.1 (TG 90.1), designated the Air Striking Unit
(comprising 16 medium bombers, 12 heavy bombers, 100 fighters) and of TG 90.2,
designated the Air Search Group, a Navy air arm. For operations, the Eleventh
Air Force is now under the jurisdiction of Commander Northern Pacific (COMNORPAC)
Forces. There is no administrative change.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 23 B-24's, 16
P-38's, and 60+ USN dive bombers, covered by AAF including P-38s from the 339th Fighter Squadron, USMC, USN, and Royal New Zealand
Air Force (RNZAF) fighters, attack Kahili; Allied aircraft
claim at least 9 fighters shot down. 21 B-24's bomb area from Stanmore Plantation
to the mouth of the Vila River. P-39's strafe 2 barges,
at Sasamunga and Malanono, leaving both aflame.
USMC: Lost during a force landing is F4U 55828.
SOUTHWEST (Fifth Air Force): B-25's bomb and strafe villages in the upper Markham
River Valley. P-40's bomb Gasmata.
RAAF: Lost of Hoskins is Beaufort A9-256 (MIA)
FRIDAY, 24 SEPTEMBER 1943
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-24's fly a small strike against Sorong and Manokwari. B-25s from the 3rd BG, 90th BS escorted by P-38s from the 475th FG, 43rrd BS on a mission against Finschafen. Over the target, intercepted by Japanese fighters and bombers. Lost is P-38H 42-66580 (POW, executed) and P-38H piloted by Corrigan (MIA).
Australian Army: Z Force Operation Jaywick: Using a captured vessel Kofuku Maru renamed MV Krait under the command of Lieutenant Hubert Edward Carse departed Exmouth, Western Australia on September 2, 1943 a secret mission to attack Japanese shipping anchored in Singapore Harbor. Aboard were a total of fourteen crew and Australian Army "Z Force" (Z Special Unit) commandos under the command of Major Ivan Lyon. Arriving at Subor Island on September 24, 1943, at night three two man folboats were deployed that paddled into Singapore Harbor and attached limpet mines to Japanese vessels at anchor and hid when they exploded. Afterwards, the folboats paddled 80km to rendezvous with MV Krait on October 2, 1943. Returning, they were approached by a Japanese patrol boat in the Lombok Strait but not challenged and returned to Exmouth on October 19, 1943. The mission was completed without the loss of any personnel. References: AWM Operation Jaywick.
SATURDAY, 25 SEPTEMBER 1943
CBI (Tenth Air Force): The 436th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment
Group (Heavy), transfers from Bishnupur to Panagarh with B-24's.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): B-25's join USN TBF's and SBD's in pounding gun positions in the areas around Vila Airfield and Disappointment Cove on
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): Nearly 40 B-17's, B-24's,
and B-25's bomb installations and supply lines from Bogadjim to villages on
the Ramu and Markham Rivers; A-20's and RAAF airplanes pound positions near Finschhafen as the Australian 9 Division, having crossed the Buni River the
previous day, pushes S toward the town. B-25's bomb and strafe AA positions
at Rein Bay on New Britain Island in the Bismarck Archipelago. The 66th Troop
Carrier Squadron, 54th Troop Carrier Wing, transfers from Port Moresby to Nadzab, New Guinea with C-47's.
SUNDAY, 26 SEPTEMBER 1943
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 21 B-24's, covered by 14 P-38's, bomb a bivouac near Kahili; 30 P-40's
and P-39's and 15 USN F4U's support 50+ USN dive bombers in a strike on the
hangar area of the airfield at Kahili and gun positions at Kangu Hill and Jakohina.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-24's bomb But Airfield and Dagua Airfield; P-38's claim 9 enemy fighters shot down in the But-Dagua-Wewak areas;
other B-24's hit Nubia and Potsdam
MONDAY, 27 SEPTEMBER 1943
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 27 B-24's, 20+
P-40's and P-39's, and several USN fighters pound the Kahili area. P-39's over Choiseul strafe (and explode) 3 barges off Wogai
Point, and strafe 2 others off Bambatana, leaving 1 ablaze.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): 117 B-24's and B-25's,
escorted by 129 P-38's and P-40's, attack airfields and shipping in the Wewak area including But Airfield; about 40 aircraft are destroyed on the ground and 8 are claimed shot down
in combat; the bombers claim 10 ships (totaling about 28,000 tons), 11 luggers,
and a launch sunk. Sunk is Taisei Maru. Lost are B-25D 41-30434 (MIA) and B-25D 41-30636 (MIA). Finschhafen is bombed twice during the day.
JAAF: Ki-54 Hickory ditched into Lake Towada-ko.
TUESDAY, 28 SEPTEMBER 1943
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 5 B-24 snoopers attack a convoy in Northern
Solomons waters and claim several damaging hits. The convoy reverses its course.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): The Wewak area is again
hit, the 40 attacking B-24's being escorted by 29 P-38's which claim 8 fighters
shot down; A-20's and RAAF Vengeances attack the Finschhafen and Lae area; B-24's
and P-39's hit a road near Bogadjim. The 21st Troop Carrier Squadron, 374th
Troop Carrier Group, transfers from Port Moresby to Archerfield with C-47's. The 39th Troop
Carrier Squadron, 317th Troop Carrier Group, transfers from Archerfield to Port Moresby with C-47's.
WEDNESDAY, 29 SEPTEMBER 1943
CBI (Fourteenth Air Force): In Burma, nine B-24's bomb Myitkyina and Sadon during
routine ferry trips over the Hump.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): P-40's, P-38's, and P-39's join USN fighters in supporting a strike by USN dive
bombers on a barge depot at Kakasa on Choiseul; other P-40's strafe and set afire a barge
off Sambi Point.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (Fifth Air Force): B-24's on armed reconnaissance attack
scattered shipping in the Netherlands East Indies and Solomon and Bismarck Seas. Lost on a training flight is B-25D "Axis Fate" 41-30053.
THURSDAY, 30 SEPTEMBER 1943
ANTISUBMARINE WARFARE (First Air Force): The 10th Antisubmarine Squadron (Heavy),
26th Antisubmarine Wing, ceases flying ASW patrols from Galveston, Texas with
B-25's. The squadron will be redesignated 867th Bombardment Squadron
and will transfer to the Central Pacific with B-24's in Jun 44.
CBI (Tenth Air Force): The 311th Bombardment Group (Dive) is redesignated 311th
Fighter-Bomber Group. The 385th Bombardment Squadron (Dive) is disbanded at
Nawadih; the 382d, 383d and 384th Bombardment Squadrons (Dive) are redesignated
528th, 529th and 530th Fighter-Bomber Squadrons.
CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): 2 B-25's and 4 P-40's claim heavy damage to
a gunboat at Ft Bayard, China.
SOUTH PACIFIC (Thirteenth Air Force): 16 B-24's, covered
by 20+ P-38's and P-40's and a few US Navy F4U's, pound the Kahili Airfield area, hitting a supply and bivouac area NE of the runway.
Six B-25's bomb Kakasa on Choiseul.
USN - (VMF-214) Four F4Us on a mission against Kolombangara spot three ships. The ships were actually PT-126, PT 124 and PT 116 and fired a recognition flare. The F4U piloted by Alexander opened fire and was shot down. Several crew on PT-126 were wounded in the friendly fire accident.