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  P-38J-15-LO Lightning Serial Number 42-104390 Nose Number 185
5th AF
475th FG

433rd FS

Pilot  1st Lt. Louis L. Longman, O-743351 (MIA / KIA, BR) Clinton, Iowa
MIA  April 16, 1944 "Black Sunday"
MACR  4501

Aircraft History
Built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation (LAC) in Burbank. Constructors Number 3224. Delivered to the U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as P-38J-15-LO Lightning serial number 42-104390. Disassembled and shipped overseas and reassembled.

Wartime History
Assigned to the 5th Air Force (5th AF), 475th Fighter Group ( 475th FG) "Satan's Angels", 433nd Fighter Squadron (433nd FS) "Possum". Nose Number 185. No known nickname or nose art. When lost, engines V-1710-91 and V-1710-89 serial numbers: A-039210 and 42-31581. Weapon serial numbers listed in Missing Air Crew Report 4501 (MACR 4501).

Mission History
On April 16, 1944 took off from Nadzab No. 3 Airfield a mission to escort A-20 Havocs over Hollandia. Returning the formation encountered a severe weather front. This P-38 was last seen approximately five miles west of Bogadjim at an altitude of roughly 10,000-11,000'. This aircraft failed to return and was listed as Missing In Action (MIA).

The next day, aircraft from the 5th Air Force searched for this aircraft without success.

This P-38 crashed near Mongou village in Madang Province on the western end of the Finisterre Range near the gap at Shaggy Ridge.

During February 2005, local villagers turned over bone fragments and a Colt Model 1911 .45 pistol to American authorities. During 2009-2010, a team from JPAC visited the crash site and recovered additional remains. On November 1, 2013 the Department of Defense (DoD) officially identified Longman.

Longman was officially declared dead on February 7, 1946. He earned the Air Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster and Purple Heart, posthumously. He is memorialized at Manila American Cemetery on the tablets of the missing. After his remains were identified, Longman was buried on April 12, 2014 at Rock Island Arsenal Cemetery in Rock Island, IL.

USAF Serial Number Search Results - P-38J-15-LO Lightning 42-104390
"104390 (433rd FS, 475th FG) MIA near Bogadijm Apr 16, 1944 during infamous Black Sunday mission to Hollandia."
Missing Air Crew Report 4501 (MACR 4501)
PNG Museum Aircraft Status Card - P-38J Lightning 42-104390
Black Sunday (2000) by Michael Claringbould mentions this loss
DPMO news release November 1, 2013
"1st Lt. Louis L. Longman, U.S. Army Air Forces, 433rd Fighter Squadron, 475th Fighter Group, 5th Air Force, was lost on April 16, 1944, in Papua New Guinea. He was accounted for Nov. 1, 2013. He will be buried with full military honors in Clinton, Iowa, in the spring of 2014."
Keeping the Promise Vol. 7, No. 3 Fall 2013 recently accounted for page 3
The Clinton Herald Obituary for Louis L. Longman April 8, 2014
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Louis L. Longman "remains have been recovered"
FindAGrave - Louis L Longman (tablets of the missing)
FindAGrave - 1Lt Louis L. Longman (grave, photos)

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Last Updated
February 18, 2020


Tech Info

1 Missing
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