MONDAY, 1 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): During June 1942, 11th Fighter Squadron, 28th Composite
Group, moves from Elmendorf Field to Umnak with P-40s. During Jun, 406th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 41st Bombardment
Group (Medium), sends detachments to operate in Alaska with B-18s.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force): Five heavy bombers
attack the Rangoon dock and harbor, claiming 1 tanker sunk and another
left listing. 436th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy),
moves from Karachi to Allahabad with B-17E; first mission is 4 June.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s attack Lae and Salamaua and Rabaul.
IJN: Three Japanese midget submarines attack Allied warships in Sydney Harbor. On May 31, 1942 at 10:35pm HA-14 (M27) was scuttled after tangled in a anti-torpedo boom net. At 12:30am HA-24b (M24) fires two torpedoes at USS Chicago CA-29, both miss with one impacting against the seawall and sinks HMAS Kuttabul killing 21 aboard. Afterwards, HA-21 (M22) is scuttled and HA-24b (M24) is lost.
TUESDAY, 2 JUNE 1942
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): 6 of 16 B-17s that have been on detached
service at Midway return to Oahu.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s bomb the dock and military
camp area at Rabaul. 39th Fighter Squadron, 35th Fighter Group, moves from Woodstock to Port Moresby with P-39s; first mission is today.
AUSTRALIA - Australian Prime Minister John Curtin bouyed by the arrival of
American forces challenges the Japanese, saying "I defy the enemy to land
large forces in Australia".
USAAF: B-26 Marauders from the 70th Bombardment Squadron took off from Hamilton Field on a ferry flight to Hickam Field to join the Hawaiian Defense Command. Each bomber has two 250 gallon auxiliary fuel tanks installed in the bomb bay and reduced crews. The formation was divided into three flights: A, B and C. "A Flight" (Flight A): B-26B "Miss Cookie Lee" 41-17562 pilot Sharp, B-26B "Gallopin' Ghost" 41-17574 pilot Cressy, B-26B "Irene" 41-17564 pilot Morrison and B-26B 41-17576 pilot Larson. "B Flight" (Flight B): B-26B "Queenie" 41-17586 pilot Eddy, B-26B 41-17575 pilot Boden, B-26B 41-17590 pilot Martin and B-26B "Liberty Bell" 41-17584 pilot Durbin. "C Flight" (Flight C) : B-26B "Dixie Belle" 41-17558 pilot Callaham, B-26B 41-17550 pilot Griffith, B-26B 41-17569 pilot Miller and B-26B 41-175547 pilot Smith. All bombers landed safely although some diverted to Hilo Airfield and did not reach Hickam Field until June 4-5, too late to participate in the Battle of Midway but were on standby.
WEDNESDAY, 3 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): In an attempt to divert forces from the Midway area, a Japanese carrier-based bombers and fighters bomb and strafe Fort Mears
and Dutch Harbor in several waves inflicting little damage but killing fifty-two US
personnel. P-40s from Cold Bay trying to intercept them arrive ten minutes after
the last attack wave departs. Other P-40s from Umnak are notified too late due
to communication failure. Nine P-40s and six B-26s fly a patrol but cannot find the
fleet 180 miles south of Dutch Harbor but two of the P-40s engage four carrier-based
aircraft, shoot down one and damage another.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force): A flight of
B-25s of the 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy),
earmarked for China, take off from Dinjan enroute bombing Lashio then onto Kunming, nine crash into an overcast-hidden mountain
at 10,000' and another is abandoned when it runs out of fuel near
Chan-i, China. Only two B-25's reach Kunming, one with the radio
operator killed by a fighter.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): Preliminary action begins in the Battle
of Midway. 9 B-17s, flying out of Midway , attack 5 large warships 570
miles (912 km) off Midway, claiming 5 hits and several near misses. 7 other
B-17s leave Oahu, Territory of Hawaii and fly to Midway.
3-6--The Battle of Midway - A strong Japanese thrust in the Central Pacific
to occupy Midway, was led by a four carrier Mobile Force, supported
by heavy units of the Main Body (First Fleet) and covered by a diversionary
carrier raid on Dutch Harbor in the Aleutians.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (5th Air Force): B-17s hit the wharf, warehouse
area, and military camp at Rabaul.
USN: Lost is PBY Catalina (KIA, POW)
THURSDAY, 4 JUNE 1942
FRIDAY, 5 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): 18 B-26s, 10 B-17s and 2 LB-30s search and attack
sorties are flown against the carrier force, the B-26s splitting into 3 missions,
the B-17s into 2. No contact is made. The B-17s using radar bomb targets which
look like ships, but later turn out to be the Pribilof s.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): The Battle of Midway continues with
the Japanese fleet retiring westward. In the morning eight B-17s hit a force 130
miles from Midway claiming hits on two large warships. During
the afternoon six B-17s claim hits on a heavy cruiser 300 miles (480 km) from Midway. The last strike by Seventh Air Force aircraft during Battle of Midway is by five B-17s which bomb a heavy cruiser 425 miles from Midway. Lost is B-17E 41-9212 (MIA) and B-17E ditched due to fuel shortage and crew rescued. The battle ends with Midway
installations heavily damaged by bombs but airfields are intact. During the fighting (3-5 Jun) Seventh Air Force aircraft
carried out sixteen B-17 attacks (55 sorties) and 1 torpedo attack by 4 B-26s, claiming
22 hits on ships and 10 fighters shot down. 2 B-17s and 2 B-26s were lost. One
of the decisive battles of naval history, Midway costs Japan the initiative
and will become a turning point in the Pacific War.
IJN: Heavily damaged yesterday, Hiryu is scuttled at 9:12am and sinks. Also heavily damaged, Akagi is scuttled by Japanese destroyers.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s hit wharves, a warehouse,
and coal jetty at Rabaul.
SATURDAY, 6 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): Various bomber search-attack missions are flown in
an attempt to contact the fleet reported near Seguam. No contact is made
due to weather. 8 P-38s enroute from Cold Bay to Umnak mistakenly attack
a Soviet freighter. Japanese forces land on Kiska.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): B-17s maintain a search out of Midway . 6 B-17s mistakenly attack a US submarine, which later reports no damage. More
B-17s arrive on Midway from Oahu,
Territory of Hawaii. This attack was met by a greatly outnumbered United States
carrier force composed of Task Force 17 (Rear Admiral F. J. Fletcher) with Yorktown,
and Task Force 16 (Rear Admiral R. A. Spruance) with Hornet and Enterprise,
and by Navy, Marine Corps, and Army air units based on Midway.
Planes from Midway located and attacked
ships of the Japanese Occupation Force 600 miles to the west (3 June), and of
the mobile Force (4 June) as it sent its aircraft against defensive installations
on Midway. Concentrating on the destruction
of Midway air forces and diverted
by their torpedo, horizontal, and dive bombing attacks, the Japanese carriers
were caught unprepared for the carrier air attack which began at 0930 with the
heroic but unsuccessful effort of Torpedo Squadron 8, and were hit in full force
at 1030 when dive bombers hit and sank the carriers Akagi, Kaga, and Soryu.
A Japanese counter attack at noon and another 2 hours later, damaged Yorktown
with bombs and torpedoes so severely that she was abandoned. In the late afternoon,
U.S. carrier air hit the Mobile Force again, sinking Hiryu, the fourth and last
of the Japanese carriers in action. With control of the air irretrievably lost,
the Japanese retired under the attack of Midway-based
aircraft (5 June) and of carrier air (6 June) in which the heavy cruiser Mikuma
was sunk and the Mogami severely damaged. Japanese losses totaled two heavy
and two light carriers, one heavy cruiser, 258 aircraft, and a large percentage
of their experienced carrier pilots. United States losses were 40 shore-based
and 92 carrier aircraft, the destroyer Hammann and the carrier the Yorktown,
which sank 6 and 7 June respectively, the result of a single submarine attack.
The decisive defeat administered to the Japanese put an end to their successful
offensive and effectively turned the tide of the Pacific War.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): P-39F 41-7271 sufferes a crash landing and is written off.
SUNDAY, 7 JUNE 1942
AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS ALASKA (11th Air Force): Japanese troops invade Attu. More troops are put ashore
on Kiska. An enemy airplane
is sighted over Cold Bay but cannot be intercepted. The invasion was supposed
to draw U.S. ships from the area of Midway, but failed in that respect.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force) Four LB-30s take off from from Midway on a predawn attack against the retreating Japanese fleet off Wake. Lost LB-30 AL589 (MIA) piloted by General Tinker. The other LB-30s are LB-30 AL611, LB-30 AL617, LB-30 AL626
MIDWAY - The Battle of Midway ends. Japanese losses include 3,500 men, four
carriers, a cruiser, 332 aircraft, and many of their bravest, most experienced
pilots. American losses include 307 men, USS Yorktown CV-5, one destroyer
and 150 aircraft lost.
5th AF - Ditched is P-40E 41-5543.
MONDAY, 8 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): An LB-30 flies armed patrol over Kiska and Umnak, discovering Japanese ships off Kiska Harbor.
5th Air Force: P-400 piloted by Cantello (KIA) crashed after takeoff.
TUESDAY, 9 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): Patrols are flown but encounter no aircraft.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): Brigadier General Howard C Davidson,
Commanding General VII Fighter Command, also becomes Commanding General 7th
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s, B-25s, and B-26s attack Lae and Salamaua. Lost are B-26 "The Virginian" 40-1508 and P-400 piloted by Wahl. On the return to base, B-26 40-1363 force lands at 7-Mile Drome, its crew safe and is later repaired. That mission, future US President L. B. Johnson flys as a passenger aboard B-26 40-1588 that aborted the mission. Shot down is A6M2 Zero piloted by Yoshino. Also, lost on a ferry flight is B-17E 41-2667.
WEDNESDAY, 10 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): Local patrol is flown at Umnak.
USN - PBYs of Pat Wing 4 discovered Japanese forces on Kiska and Attu, confirming news of Japanese landings that had taken place on the 7th.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s bomb aircraft and buildings
at Rabaul. HQ 38th Bombardment Group (Medium) moves from
Amberley to Eagle Farm. Lost on a training flight is P-40E 41-5557 (KIA).
THURSDAY, 11 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): The 11th Air Force aircraft attack Kiska for the first time. 5 B-24's and 5 B-17s take off from Cold Bay and fly to Umnak to load bombs then bomb Kiska Harbor installations
and shipping targets. Low-altitude runs score near misses on two cruisers and
a destroyer. Lost to anti-aircraft fire is B-24D 41-1088. The other B-24s are pursued by four fighters back
to Umnak where US fighters drive
them away. Air echelon of 21st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 30th Bombardment
Group (Heavy), begins operating from Umnak with B-24s.
USN: PBY Catalinas, operating
from the seaplane tender USS Gillis in Nazan Bay off Atka hit ships and enemy
positions on Kiska in an intense 48-hour attack which exhausted the gasoline
and bomb supply aboard the Gillis but was not successful in driving the Japanese
FRIDAY, 12 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): 6 B-17s and 1 B-24 bomb shipping in the harbor at Kiska. A cruiser is heavily
damaged and one destroyer is seen burning. B-24D 41-1090 pilot Rogers crashed on take off. 42d Fighter Squadron, 54th Fighter
Group, based at Harding Field begins operating from Kodiak with P-39s.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s bomb the building area
and Vunakanau and Lakunai.
SATURDAY, 13 JUNE 1942
US Army - First issue of "Yank" is published
ALASKA (11th Air Force): An LB-30 flies a weather mission and for the third
straight day. 5 B-17s and
3 B-24s take off on a bombing mission against
Kiska Harbor. Two abort and the others bomb partially cloud-obscured
targets. No effect is observed.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s bomb Lakunai Airfield. Lost is P-40E "Don't Worry" 41-25181 (pilot survived)
SUNDAY, 14 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): 4 B-17s and 3 B-24s bomb shipping in Kiska Harbor from an altitude of 700'. Two cruisers
are hit and one scout seaplane is downed. Two B-17s are heavily damaged but return
IJN: Japanese aircraft bomb Nazan Bay off Atka.
ZONE OF INTERIOR: 32d, 352d, 353d and 419th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy),
301st Bombardment Group (Heavy), cease operating from Muroc AAB, California
and return to base at Alamogordo AAFld, New Mexico with B-17s and cease flying
ASW patrols. 358th, 359th and 360th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 303d Bombardment
Group (Heavy), cease operating from Muroc AAB, California and return to base
at Gowen Field, Boise, Idaho with B-17s and cease flying ASW patrols.
New Zealand - First echelon of 1st Marine Division arrives at Wellington, New
MONDAY, 15 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): A bombing mission to Kiska by 3 B-17s and 2
B-24s is aborted due to weather.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): 63d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy),
43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Sydney to Charleville with
Hawaii: Ditched is B-17C 40-2054 (2 MIA).
TUESDAY, 16 JUNE 1942
WEDNESDAY, 17 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): A Kiska Harbor bombing mission is cancelled due to
weather as is a patrolling mission by heavy bombers.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): P-40s of 73d Fighter Squadron, 18th
Fighter Group, aboard the aircraft carrier. USS SARATOGA (CV-3) are flown off
the carrier at Midway to replace USN aircraft lost in the Battle of Midway.
The P-40s begin dawn and dusk patrols which continue until the P-40s are relieved
on 23 Jun 43.
THURSDAY, 18 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): 1 LB-30, 3 B-17s and 4 B-24s make a precision high-altitude
attack on Kiska Harbor. A transport is left burning and sinking, another is
mauled, and two scout planes were claimed as possibly shot down. B-24D piloted by Wintermute ditches at sea; part
of its crew is rescued.
RAN - Damaged the day before, the MV MacDhui is sunk in Fairfax Harbor near Port Moresby by Japanese bombing raid against
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): Air echelon of 69th Bombardment
Squadron (Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium), leaves Hickam Field with B-26s and proceeds to New Caledonia to join the ground
echelon; the squadron will fly sea-search missions until Dec 1942. Lost is P-400 Airacobra BX169 (pilot survived) and P-400 Airacobra BX180 (pilot survived).
FRIDAY, 19 JUNE 1942
AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS ALASKA (11th Air Force): B-24s taking off to
bomb Kiska aborts due to fog. One B-24 ditches into the sea with two crewmembers lost. A B-17 is dispatched to attack a reported submarine
but makes no contact.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s pound shipping and Vunakanau
USN - VAdm Ghormley assumes command of South Pacific Area and South Pacific
SATURDAY, 20 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): 1 LB-30, 1 B-17 and 7 B-24s take off on a search and
bombing mission over Kiska. Three aircraft abort the mission due to weather,
3 bomb through an overcast with unobserved results, and 3 others search in vain
for the B-24 lost yesterday. 56th and 57th Fighter Squadrons, 54th
Fighter Group, based at Harding Field, Baton Rouge, Louisiana begin operating
from Nome and Elmendorf Field respectively with P-39s.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): Major General Willis H Hale becomes
Commanding General 7th Air Force, and Colonel Albert Hegenberger becomes temporary
commanding officer of the VII Bomber Command.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s bomb the runway at Lae Airfield.
SUNDAY, 21 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): The War Department authorizes the XI Air Force Services
Command, hitherto the Provisional Service Command, which is activated at Elmendorf
Field. It is charged with maintaining and supplying all of the 11th's
bases. Weather cancels all missions except an armed weather sortie over Kiska. Fighters fly local patrols.
MONDAY, 22 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): A B-17 weather reconnaissance aircraft flies over Kiska. Fighters fly air base
patrols. A bombing mission is cancelled due to weather.
USA: A Japanese submarine shells the military depot at Fort Stevens, Oregon. Damage
from the first attack on the U.S. mainland is trivial.
TUESDAY, 23 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): Weather cancels a bombing mission. A B-17 flies a
reconnaissance mission over Kiska . A P-40 on defensive patrol crashes
at Elmendorf Field.
RAAF - Wirraway A20-506 is lost on a training excercise.
WEDNESDAY, 24 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): Weather cancels bombing. 1 B-17 flies a weather reconnaissance
over Kiska . Fighters patrol airfields. ZONE OF INTERIOR: 43d and 52d
Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 29th Bombardment Group (Heavy), cease flying
ASW patrols and move from MacDill Field to Gowen Field, Boise,
Idaho with B-17s.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s hit Vunakanau
Airfield on New Britain. Bomb loads include several bundles of incendiaries
which cause intense fires.
THURSDAY, 25 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): 2 B-17s, 4 B-24s and 1 LB-30 fly bombing and weather
missions over Kiska, bombing
the N side of the harbor.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): Brigadier General William E Lynd
becomes Commanding General VII Bomber Command.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-25s bomb Salamaua. Lost on a take offf accidnet at 12 Mile Drome is P-39 piloted by Rose.
Washington - President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill conclude conference
in Washington; decision reached for combined efforts to develop atomic bomb
FRIDAY, 26 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): Five B-24s drop incendiaries and fire bombs on Kiska Harbor installations.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (10th Air Force): Brigadier General Earl L Naiden becomes
Commanding General 10th Air Force, succeeding Major General Lewis H Brereton
who departs for the Middle East with Brigadier General Elmer E Adler, Commanding
General X Air Service Command, and several other key subordinates. The aircraft
and crews of the 9th Bombardment Squadron follow. This move leaves the
10th Air Force almost a skeleton.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): 3 LB-30s bomb installations on Wake. The raid takes place during the night of 26/27 Jun and is staged through Midway .
SATURDAY, 27 JUNE 1942
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (CBI) THEATER OF OPERATIONS (10th Air Force): 16th Fighter
Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, moves from Karachi to Kunming with
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): 22nd BG B-26s bomb Lae and Salamaua.
SUNDAY, 28 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): A B-17 weather aircraft flies over Kiska. A
solid weather front cancels bombing. On this and the following day U. S. advanced
reconnaissance parties land on Adak from submarines.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (10th Air Force): 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th
Bombardment Group (Heavy), based at Kunming, sends a detachment to operate
from Dinjan with B-25s.
New Guinea - Four Australian platoons land and attack Japanese position at Salamaua, killing about 100
enemy troops, bringing back three trucks and a portable bridge. Allied morale is boosted, but the attack fails to gain any signifigant ground from the Japanese.
MONDAY, 29 JUNE 1942
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (10th Air Force): Colonel Robert C Oliver assumes command
of the X Air Service Command. 9th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment
Group (attached to USAMEAF) departs India for Palestine with B-17s.
Ground echelon leaves from Allahabad and air echelon leaves from Baumrauli, India.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s hit Lakunai Airfield and Lae Airfield during the night of 28/29 Jun. 35th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter
Group, moves from Port Moresby to Woodstock with P-39s.
TUESDAY, 30 JUNE 1942
ALASKA (11th Air Force): A B-17 flies weather reconnaissance over Kiska.
CHINA-BURMA-INDIA (10th Air Force): 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th
Bombardment Group (Heavy), based at Kunming sends detachments to operate
from Kweilin, Hengyang and Nanning with B-25s.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): B-17s attack Dili and Koepang and Kendari. Returning B-17E 41-9014 crashed in the early hours of July 1, 1942 killing three of the crew. B-25s and 22nd BG B-26s hit Lae. 36th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group, moves from Port
Moresby to Townsville with P-39s.