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  Lockheed Hudson Mark I Serial Number A16-19 Code US-B
No. 1 Squadron

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RAAF April 1941

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AWM c1976

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Daniel Leahy 2004
Pilot  F/Lt John Christopher Ramshaw, 552 (MIA / KIA) Belgrave Heights, VIC
Co-Pilot  F/O Donald Alexander Dowie, 649 (POW, survived) Adelaide, SA
WAG  Sgt Garet Sidney White, 407309 (MIA / KIA) Adelaide, SA
WAG  Sgt Jeffrey Cyril Coldrey, 3382 (MIA / KIA) East Brighton, VIC
Crashed  December 8, 1941

Aircraft History
Built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation (LAC) in Burbank. Constructors Number 1870. Unknown if assigned a U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) serial number. Disassembled and shipped overseas to Australia as part of Defense Aid.

Wartime History
On February 6, 1940 delivered to the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as Hudson Mark I serial number A16-19. On April 18, 1940 assigned to No. 1 Squadron with nose number 270 and fuselage code US-B and sent to Maylaya. This Hudson operated from Sembawang Airfield and Kota Bharu Airfield. On April 26, 1940 collided with Hudson A16-20, causing damage to the nose perspex. Afterwards, repaired.

On December 6, 1941 this Hudson spotted the Japanese invasion force approaching northern Malaya.

Mission History
On December 8, 1941 in the early morning took off from Kota Bharu Airfield piloted by F/Lt John C. Ramshaw on a bombing mission against the Japanese landing force off Kota Bharu. Over the target, Hudson A16-94 was shot down and crashed into the sea. This Hudson landed safely at Kota Bharu Airfield and was refueled and re-armed.

Took off on a second sortie over the landing force. Over the target, shot down and crashed into the sea roughly three miles from the coast. Ramshaw, White and Coldrey died in the crash and remain listed as Missing In Action (MIA). Dowie survived the crash. Officially stricken off charge December 9, 1941.

Fates of the Crew
Dowie survived for two days at sea aboard a small native boat before he was captured by a Japanese patrol boat and became a Prisoner Of War (POW). He was detained in Singapore for the remainder of the Pacific War. He survived captivity and was repatriated to Australia and discharged January 11, 1946.

Ramshaw, White and Coldrey were of the crew was officially declared dead the day of the mission. All are memorialized at Kranji War Cemetery on the Singapore Memorial. Ramshaw on column 411. White and Coldrey on column 412.

In 1976, a Pratt and Whitney R-1839 SC3-G twin row radial engine from this wreck was recovered from the sea by fisherman Abdul Rahman Bin Win Harum. The next year, the second engine was recovered. Both engines were transported to Australia the next year and were acquired by the Australian War Memorial (AWM).

Both engines are on display at Australian War Memorial (AWM). The no. 1 (left/port) engine with bent propellers is on display as part of the Air Power in the Pacific 1941-1953 display in Aircraft Hall. The no. 2 (right/starboard) engine is displayed in the Second World War Hall.

Note, this Hudson is listed as the first Australian aircraft lost in the Pacific War, and the three crew killed in the crash were the Australians killed in the Pacific War although Hudson A16-94 was lost the same day on an earlier sortie.
RAAF Report February 4, 1942 lists Hudson A16-19 engine serial numbers 2266 and 2273.
WW2 Nominal Roll - John Christopher Ramshaw 552
WW2 Nominal Roll - Donald Alexander Dowie, 649
WW2 Nominal Roll - Garet Sidney White, 407309
WW2 Nominal Roll - Jeffrey Cyril Coldrey, 3382
CWGC - John Christopher Ramshaw
CWGC - Garet Sidney White
CWGC - Jeffrey Cyril Coldrey
ADF Serials - Hudson A16-19
AWM Starboard side Pratt and Whitney Twin Wasp Aero Engine : Lockheed Hudson A16-19 REL/08438.001
AWM Port side Pratt and Whitney Twin Wasp Aero Engine from Lockheed Hudson A16-19 REL/08437.001
Thanks to Daniel Leahy for additional information

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Last Updated
December 8, 2023

Tech Info

3 Missing
1 Prisoner

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