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  Lockheed Hudson Mark I Serial Number A16-19 Code US-B
1 Squadron

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RAAF April 1941

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AWM c1976

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Daniel Leahy 2004
Pilot  F/Lt John Christopher Ramshaw 552 (MIA / KIA) Belgrave Heights, VIC
Co-Pilot  F/O Donald Alexander Dowie, 649 (POW, survived) Adelaide, SA
WAG  Sgt Garet Sidney White, 407309 (MIA / KIA) Adelaide, SA
WAG  Sgt Jeffrey Cyril Coldrey, 3382 (MIA / KIA) East Brighton, VIC
Crashed  December 8, 1941

Aircraft History
Built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation (LAC) in Burbank. Constructors Number 1870. Unknown if this Hudson was assigned a U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) serial number. Disassembled and shipped overseas to Australia as part of Defense Aid consignment.

Wartime History
On February 6, 1940 delivered to the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as Hudson Mark I serial number A16-19. On April 18, 1940 assigned to 1 Squadron. Assigned nose number 270 and fuselage code US-B. This Hudson operated from Sembawang Airfield and Kota Bharu Airfield in Maylaya. On April 26, 1940 collided with Hudson A16-20, causing damage to the perspex. Afterwards, repaired.

On December 6, 1941 this Hudson spotted the Japanese invasion force approaching northern Malaya. When lost, engine serial numbers 2266 and 2273.

Mission History
On December 8, 1941 during the early morning hours this Hudsons took off from Kota Bharu Airfield the on a bombing mission against the Japanese landing force off Kota Bharu. Over the target, Hudson A16-94 was shot down. Returning to base, this Hudsons were refueled and re-armed for another mission.

Took off on a second sortie over the invasion force. Over the target, shot down and crashed into the sea roughly three miles from the coast. This Hudson became the first Australian aircraft lost in the Pacific War, and the aircrew were the first Australians killed in the Pacific. This Hudson was officially stricken on December 9, 1941.

Fates of the Crew
Dowie survived for two days in the sea aboard a small native boat before he was captured by a Japanese patrol boat. Afterwards, he was detained as a Prisoner Of War (POW) for the duration of the Pacific War in Singapore. Dowie survived captivity and was repatriated to Australia then discharged on January 11, 1946.

The rest of the crew was officially declared dead the day of the mission. All are memorialized at the Singapore Memorial at Kranji War Cemetery. Ramshaw on column 411. White and Coldrey on column 412. White on column 412.

In 1976, a Pratt and Whitney R-1839 SC3-G twin row radial engine from this wreck was recovered from the sea by fisherman Abdul Rahman Bin Win Harum. The next year, the second engine was recovered. Both engines were transported to Australia the next year and were acquired by the Australian War Memorial (AWM).

Both engines are on display at Australian War Memorial. The no. 1 one engine with bent propellers is on display as part of the Air Power in the Pacific 1941-1953 display in Aircraft Hall, the no. 2 engine is displayed in the Second World War Hall.

World War Two Nominal Roll - Donald Alexander Dowie
CWGC - John Christopher Ramshaw
CWGC - Garet Sidney White
CWGC - Jeffrey Cyril Coldrey
ADF Serials - Hudson A16-19
RAAFDB - Hudson A16-19
Thanks to Daniel Leahy for additional information

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Last Updated
March 3, 2021

Tech Info

3 Missing
1 Prisoner

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