June 23, 1945
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology
SATURDAY, 23 JUNE 1945
ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): Two B-24s on a shipping sweep
between Matsuwa and Paramushiru sink 1 freighter, damage two more, and
hit a whale boat; 1 Japanese fighter is claimed destroyed. Six other B-24s bomb Kataoka on Shimushu.
CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In French Indochina, four B-25s knock out
the east approach to the Phu Lang Thuong bridge and 4 P-38s bomb locomotives and
a barracks area at Les Pins and Lang Son. Twelve P-51s strafe airfields in the Canton area. 17 other fighters strafe railroad targets and river traffic around
Wuchou, Siaokan, and Peking, China, and Hanoi, and Vinh, French Indochina.
AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): Major General Thomas D. White becomes Commanding
General, Seventh AF.
HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Mission 221: During the night of 23/24
Jun, 26 B-29s mine the harbors of Fukuoka, Karatsu, Sakai, and Niigata; 1 B-29
is lost; 38 P-47s from Ie Shima bomb airfields at Hakata and Itazuke
and, during the return flight, attack two boats off Amami Gunto; 40 other
P-47s bomb Saitozaki Airfield; 100 P-51s are dispatched from Iwo Jima to attack Kagamigahara Airfield and Hyakuri; they claim 19-3-16 aircraft in the
air and 13-40 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: 150+ B-24s, B-25s,
and fighter-bombers continue heavy strikes against the Balikpapan area
concentrating on gun emplacements and defensive positions. On Luzon,
A-20s and fighter-bombers pound troop concentrations and occupied areas in the Cagayan Valley and fighter-bombers attack pockets of resistance in the Infanta
and Antipolo areas. B-24s bomb a butanol plant at Kobi.
U. S. Army: C-47s drop paratroopers from the 11th Airborne Division (11th Airborne), 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment (511th PIR) near Aparri at Calamaniugan near the mouth of the Cagayan River without incident. Soon afterwards, C-46 Commandos towing seven CG-4 gliders manned by the 188th Glider Infantry Regiment (188th GIR) also land without incident. Meanwhile, C-47s drop paratroopers from the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment (511th PIR). This attack was the first (and only) time gliders were used in combat in the Pacific Theater. On the ground, the paratroopers linked up with a large force of Filipino guerrillas. Their combined force advanced southward until making contact with the U. S. Army 37th Division.