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  B-24J-80-CO Liberator Serial Number 42-100225 Tail V
5th AF
22nd BG
408th BS

Pilot  Captain Thomas C. Paschal, O-888688 (MIA / KIA) El Monte, CA
Co-Pilot  2nd Lt John A. Widsteen, O-691166 (MIA / KIA) Palo Alto, CA
Navigator  1st Lt James P. Gullion, O-803142 (MIA / KIA) Paris, TX
Bombardier  1st Lt Frank P. Giugliano, O-673063 (MIA / KIA, BR) New York, NY
Engineer  SSgt Elgin J. Luckenbach, 18106009 (MIA / KIA) Luckenbach, TX
Ast Engineer  S/Sgt Marion B. May, 38108748 (MIA / KIA) Amarillo, TX
Radio   S/Sgt Richard F. King, 34350910 (MIA / KIA, BR) Moultrie, GA
Ast Radio  Sgt Marshall P. Borofsky, 16172175 (MIA / KIA, BR) Chicago, IL
Gunner  S/Sgt William Lowery, 15089215 (MIA / KIA. BR) Republic, PA
Gunner  Sgt Walter G. Harm, 33184186 (MIA / KIA, BR) Philadelphia, PA
Passenger  2nd Lt Leland A. Rehmet, O-752627 (MIA / KIA) San Antonio, TX

MIA  April 16, 1944 'Black Sunday' at 3:05pm
MACR  4512

Aircraft History
Built by Consolidated at San Diego. Delivered to the U. S. Army. Ferried overseas via Hawaii to Australia.

Wartime History
Assigned to the 5th Air Force, 22nd Bombardment Group, 408th Bombardment Squadron during March 1944. This bomber might have been nicknamed "Royal Flush". When lost, engines R-1830-65 serial numbers: 42-88101, BP425763, 8P-425921 and 42-42281.

Mission History
On April 16, 1944 took off from Nadzab Airfield on a bombing mission against Hollandia. Returning from the mission, the formation encountered a severe weather front. This B-24 was last last sighted out to sea north of Saidor. When this B-24 failed to return it was was declared Missing In Action (MIA).

During 2002, a villager found this crash site while hunting wallaby and reported to JPAC representative Brian Bennett. . The crash site and remains remains of the crew were discovered at 4,500' in the Finesterre Ranges near Kunukio, only 700 meters from B-24J 42-72946, also lost on the same mission and Missing In Action (MIA) for 58 years.

Brian Bennett adds:
"A local had come across the wreck while hunting. I had some dispute with that as when i had an opportunity to visit the site [PP46] i noted that a tyre on one of the main landing gear had been cut open at one stage[ a long time previously] so that the tube could be cut out [for use as slingshot rubber etc] which meant that the crash site had probably been known of for some time. My role was telling the CILHI recovery team of the discovery to at least go check out a report of dog tags and some remains in a village. The end result was that the team were led to the site by helicopter., after first visiting another [B-24J 42-72946]. They were on asked by a native 'was the team pleased about the bones n stuff lying around?' when the team leaders said yes the native then asked them if they wanted to see the other aircraft [this B-24] over on the next hill? The result of a visit to this site was that they had two B-24's that went missing on Black Sunday. It is near certain now that both aircraft had joined up so as to fly back to Nadzab."

Recovery of Remains
During 2002, a team from JPAC conducted a recovery operation to locate and recover any human remains from the crash site. Among the personal effects they located was Sgt Borofsky's identification bracelet with the inscription "Always, Edith" in it.

On APRIL 19, 2006 September 2005, the Department of Defense issued a news release that eight of the crew were positively identified.

Jason Golden adds:
"The remains of Sgt. Marshall Borofsky were positively identified in September [2005]. We have been advised by the Pentagon that Sgt. Borofsky (a third cousin of mine) will be buried at Arlington National Cemetery on April 21, 2006 with full military honors. This ID process took three and a half years and was actually expedited with the help of the Committee for Government reform in US Congress. I had a friend inside who was eager to help when I told them of the situation - Sgt. Borofsky's brother is in his mid 70's and had still never known anything about Marshall for 60 years. The family got word in 2002 that the plane was found in PNG, but we were still waiting for a resolution and ID of the remains. The funeral date was set two weeks ago. Hopefully you can get the word out that another soldier from 'Black Sunday' will be coming home."

The entire crew was officially declared dead on February 25, 1946. All are memorialized on the tablets of the missing at Manila American Cemetery.

After the recovery of remains, three were buried in their hometowns. Bone fragments associated with the crew that could not be positively identified with any of the eleven individuals and were buried on April 21, 2006 at Arlington National Cemetery in a group burial at Section 60 Site 8350.

Paschal has a memorial marker at Arlington National Cemetery.
Luckenbach has a memorial marker at Greenwood Cemetery in Fredericksburg, TX and Arlington National Cemetery.
May has a memorial marker at Oak Hill Memorial Park in McAlester, OK at section 15, north.

PNG Museum Aircraft Status Card - B-24D Liberator 42-100225
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) Giugliano, Lowery, Harm, Borofsky and King are listed as "remains were recovered".
DPMO News Release "Airmen Missing In Action in World War II Identified" April 19, 2006
Black Sunday covers this B-24's loss
Revenge of the Red Raiders page 243-244, 507
FindAGrave - Capt Thomas C. Paschal (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Lieut John A. Widsteen (group burial photo)
FindAGrave - Lieut Frank P. Giugliano (group burial photo)
FindAGrave - Sgt Elgin J. Luckenbach (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Elgin Julius Luckenbach (memorial marker Greenwood Cemetery)
FindAGrave - Sgt Marion May (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Marion B May (memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Sgt Richard F. King (group burial photo)
FindAGrave - Sgt Marshall Borofsky (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Sgt William Lowery (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Sgt Walter G. Harm (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Leland Arnim Rehmet (group burial photo, memorial marker)

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Last Updated
February 4, 2018


Tech Information

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