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  B-24J-80-CO Liberator Serial Number 42-100225 Tail V
5th AF
22nd BG
408th BS

Pilot  Captain Thomas C. Paschal, O-888688 (MIA / KIA) El Monte, CA
Co-Pilot  2nd Lt John A. Widsteen, O-691166 (MIA / KIA) Palo Alto, CA
Navigator  1st Lt James P. Gullion, O-803142 (MIA / KIA) Paris, TX
Bombardier  1st Lt Frank P. Giugliano, O-673063 (MIA / KIA, BR) New York, NY
Engineer  SSgt Elgin J. Luckenbach, 18106009 (MIA / KIA) Luckenbach, TX
Asst Engineer  S/Sgt Marion B. May, 38108748 (MIA / KIA) Amarillo, TX
Radio   S/Sgt Richard F. King, 34350910 (MIA / KIA, BR) Moultrie, GA
Ast Radio  Sgt Marshall P. Borofsky, 16172175 (MIA / KIA, BR) Chicago, IL
Gunner  S/Sgt William Lowery, 15089215 (MIA / KIA. BR) Republic, PA
Gunner  Sgt Walter G. Harm, 33184186 (MIA / KIA, BR) Philadelphia, PA
Passenger  2nd Lt Leland A. Rehmet, O-752627 (MIA / KIA) San Antonio, TX
Crashed  April 16, 1944 "Black Sunday" at 3:05pm
MACR  4512

Aircraft History
Built by Consolidated at San Diego. Delivered to the U. S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as B-24J-80-CO Liberator serial number 42-100225. Ferried overseas via Hickam Field then across the Pacific to Australia.

Wartime History
During March 1944 assigned to the 5th Air Force (5th AF), 22nd Bombardment Group (22nd BG), 408th Bombardment Squadron (408th BS). This bomber might have been nicknamed "Royal Flush".

On April 12, 1944 first bombing mission against Hollandia. When lost, engines R-1830-65 serial numbers: 42-88101, BP425763, 8P-425921 and 42-42281. In total, this B-24 completed four missions before it went missing.

Mission History
On April 16, 1944 took off from Nadzab Airfield piloted by Captain Thomas C. Paschal on a bombing mission against Hollandia. Returning from the mission, the formation encountered a severe weather front. This B-24 was last last sighted out to sea north of Saidor. When this B-24 failed to return it was was declared Missing In Action (MIA). Also lost was B-24J 42-110000 (2 MIA, 8 rescued).

On April 17, 1944 at 8:30am search missions were flown (Mission 108C-Q) for this missing bomber by fifteen B-25 Mitchells plus eight B-24 Liberators from V Bomber Command without results. They searching the area between Port Moresby, Dobodura, Aware, Cape Gloucester and off the coast of New Guinea including the mouth of the Sepik River, Ramu Valley, Markam Valley, Kerema and Yule Island.

During 2002, a local villager located this rash site while hunting for wallaby in the Finisterre Range near Kunukio and reported the discovery to U. S. Army CILHI representative Brian Bennett. Once located and confirmed, the crash of this B-24 was designated as site "PP-46" (Papua New Guinea 46). This B-24 crashed only 700 meters away was the crash of B-24J "Here T'is" 42-72946 (MIA) that crashed returning from the same April 16, 1944 "Black Sunday" mission.

Brian Bennett adds:
"A local had come across the wreck while hunting. I had some dispute with that as when i had an opportunity to visit the site [PP-46] i noted that a tyre on one of the main landing gear had been cut open at one stage[ a long time previously] so that the tube could be cut out [for use as slingshot rubber etc] which meant that the crash site had probably been known of for some time. My role was telling the CILHI recovery team of the discovery to at least go check out a report of dog tags and some remains in a village. The end result was that the team were led to the site by helicopter., after first visiting another [B-24J 42-72946]. They were on asked by a native 'was the team pleased about the bones n stuff lying around?' when the team leaders said yes the native then asked them if they wanted to see the other aircraft [this B-24] over on the next hill? The result of a visit to this site was that they had two B-24's that went missing on Black Sunday. It is near certain now that both aircraft had joined up so as to fly back to Nadzab."

Recovery of Remains
During 2002, a team from JPAC conducted a recovery operation at the crash site and recovered the remains of the crew. Among the personal effects found Sgt Marshall P. Borofsky identification bracelet with the inscription "Always, Edith" engraved inside.

During September 2005, the Department of Defense (DoD) announced Borofsky was identified.

On April 19, 2006 the Department of Defense (DoD) announced that eight of the crew were positively identified.

The entire crew was officially declared dead on February 25, 1946. All are memorialized at Manila American Cemetery on the tablets of the missing.

After the recovery of remains, three were buried in their hometowns.

On April 21, 2006 bone fragments associated with the crew that could not be positively identified or individually identified with were buried in a group burial at Arlington National Cemetery at Section 60 Site 8350.

On April 21, 2006 Paschal was buried at Arlington National Cemetery at section 60 site 8352.

On April 21, 2006 Luckenbach was buried at Arlington National Cemetery at section 60 site 8354.

Luckenbach also has a memorial marker at Greenwood Cemetery in Fredericksburg, TX. and Arlington National Cemetery.

May has a memorial marker at Oak Hill Memorial Park in McAlester, OK at section 15, north.

Jason Golden (third cousin of Marshall Borofsky):
"The remains of Sgt. Marshall Borofsky were positively identified in September [2005]. We have been advised by the Pentagon that Sgt. Borofsky (a third cousin of mine) will be buried at Arlington National Cemetery on April 21, 2006 with full military honors. This ID process took three and a half years and was actually expedited with the help of the committee for government reform in US Congress. I had a friend inside who was eager to help when I told them of the situation - Sgt. Borofsky's brother is in his mid 70's and had still never known anything about Marshall for 60 years. The family got word in 2002 that the plane was found in PNG, but we were still waiting for a resolution and ID of the remains. The funeral date was set two weeks ago. Hopefully you can get the word out that another soldier from 'Black Sunday' will be coming home."

USAF Serial Number Search Results - USAF Serial Number Search Results 42-100225
"100225 (22rd BG, 408th BS) MIA Apr 16, 1944 in weather-related accident, New Guinea. On that day (Black Sunday) the US 5th AF lost 37 aircraft to weather. MACR 4512. Wreck located in 2002. All 11 on board killed."
Missing Air Crew Report 4512 (MACR 4512) created April 19, 1944
Missing Air Crew Report 8378 (MACR 8378) created April 19, 1944 page 4 (map Captain Paschal last sighted)
PNG Museum Aircraft Status Card - B-24D Liberator 42-100225
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Thomas C. Paschal "remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - John A. Widsteen "remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - James P. Gullion "remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Frank P. Giugliano "remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - William Lowery "remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Walter G. Harm "remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Marshall P. Borofsky "remains were recovered"
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Richard F. King "remains were recovered"
Arlington National Cemetery (ANC Explorer) - Thomas C. Paschal (grave) section 60 site 8352
Arlington National Cemetery (ANC Explorer) - Thomas C. Paschal (group burial) section 60 site 8350
Arlington National Cemetery (ANC Explorer) - Elgin J. Luckenbach (grave) section 60 site 8354
Arlington National Cemetery (ANC Explorer) - Elgin J. Luckenbach (group burial) section 60 site 8350
FindAGrave - Capt Thomas C. Paschal (group burial photo, grave photo)
FindAGrave - Lieut John A. Widsteen (photo, group burial photo)
FindAGrave - Lieut Frank P. Giugliano (photo, group burial photo)
FindAGrave - Sgt Elgin J. Luckenbach (photo, obituary, grave photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Elgin Julius Luckenbach (memorial marker Greenwood Cemetery)
FindAGrave - Sgt Marion May (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Marion B May (memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Sgt Richard F. King (group burial photo)
FindAGrave - Sgt Marshall Borofsky (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Sgt William Lowery (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Sgt Walter G. Harm (group burial photo, memorial marker)
FindAGrave - Leland Arnim Rehmet (group burial photo, memorial marker)
Black Sunday (2000) by Michael Claringbould
Revenge of the Red Raiders (2006) page 243-244, 507
Royal Flush and Black Sunday: When the 408th Bomb Squadron lost the crew of the Royal Flush and were discovered 60 years later (2019) by by David W. Braeutigam
DPMO News Release "Airmen Missing In Action in World War II Identified" April 19, 2006
Revenge of the Red Raiders (2006) pages 222 (map), 236 (April 12, 1944 mission), 240 (April 16, 1944 missing) 243 (42-100225 crash site found), 244 (photos from CILHI mission 2002 by Brian Bennett) 480 (appendix II - April 16, 1944 44-100225) 507 (appendix III - 44-100225 notes possible nickname as "Royal Flush" with question mark as unconfirmed), 618 (index Paschal), 619 (index Royal Flush)

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Last Updated
June 3, 2020


Tech Information

April 16, 1944

11 Missing
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