MONDAY, 23 APRIL 1945
CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 5 B-25s blast the Hsuchang
railroad yards, completely demolishing a locomotive repair shop; two B-24s attack
targets of opportunity in the South China Sea; 39 P-47s and P-51s attack troops,
horses, trains, and rivercraft at or near Nanyang, Burma and Taiku, Shanhsien,
Hsihhsiassuchi, Loning, Sinyang, Chenghsien, Sichuan, Lushan, and along the
Pinghan railroad, and render a railroad tunnel near Sinyang unusable.
INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 7 P-61s attack with napalm,
rockets, and cannon several targets during sweeps from Laihka to Loilem to Hopong
to Wan Yin; Laihka Airfields, a bridge S of Wan Yin, trucks, and other targets
are successfully pounded; 40+ fighter-bombers attack troop concentrations along
and behind the lines at several points including Loilem, Nawng Leng, Mong Pawn,
and Naungtaw; a bridge at Namhkok is temporarily out due to bomb damage to approaches;
570 transport sorties are flown to forward areas throughout the day.
AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): Thirteen B-24s from Guam pound positions on Marcus. The 28th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Seventh AF at Kualoa Airfield with F-5Es, sends a detachment to operate from Okinawa,
the first Seventh AF unit to arrive (another detachment is operating from Saipan
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: On Formosa, B-25s
hit the Shinei railroad yards, P-51s hit Karenko Airfield and P-38s attack various
targets of opportunity. Fighter bombers continue to support ground forces in
the N and S parts of Luzon Island pounding numerous artillery positions, supply
areas, and general targets of opportunity. B-24s bomb a military depot
at Shanghai and shipping in Yulin Harbor off Hainan. B-24s bomb the naval
base at Saigon. In Borneo, other B-24s bomb airfields at Sepinggang and Jesselton and P-38s drop napalm on Tarakan. Other B-24s fly
a shipping sweep over the Makassar Srait and damage several small vessels.
USN: Lost is F4U Corsair 57897 (MIA).
VBP-109: PB4Y-2 Privateers from Patrol Bombing Squadron 109 (VPB-109) piloted by Lt.Cdr. Hicks and Lt. Kennedy release two ASM-N-2 Bat glided
bombs against Japanese shipping in Balikpapan Harbor in the first
combat employment of the only automatic homing bomb to be used in World War
References: Patrol Bombing Squadron 109 (VPB-109) War Diary, April 1945 page 3
"23 April: Lt.Cdr. Hicks and Lt. Kennedy on a special strike at shipping in Balikpapan Harbor, Borneo dropped to defective BAT (SWOD Mark 9) with negative results. Two unaggressive Hamps made one pass at Lt.Cdr. Hicks. Lt. Kennedy damaged a radar station on the coast of northeast Borneo by strafing."
Kriegsmarine: U-183 was sunk in the Java Sea by a torpedo fired by USS Besugo SS-321.