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USAAF April 1944
U. S. Army April 1944
USN April 22, 1944
Lat 2° 32' 5S Long 140° 42' 20E Hollandia is located at an elevation of 341' / 103m on the north coast of New Guinea. Borders Humbolt Bay to the east and the Cyclops Mountains to the west and further to the west is Tanahmerah Bay. To the southwest is Lake Sentani.
During the Pacific War, Hollandia was located in Dutch New Guinea in the Netherlands East Indies. On October 1, 1962 renamed Hollandia Kota Baru (Hollandia New Town) while jointly administered by the Dutch and Indonesians. On May 1, 1963 renamed renamed Sukarnapura by Indonesia honor of President Sukarno. In 1968 renamed Jayapura. Also known as Jaya Pur or Kota Jayapura. Today, Jayapura is located in Jayapura Regency, Papua Province in Indonesia.
Prior to European contact, a Melanesian settlement named Numbay was at this location near the mouth of the Numbay River that empties into Humbolt Bay. On September 28, 1909 a Dutch navy vessel commanded by Captain F. J. P. Sachse landed at Humbolt Bay near the mouth of the Numbay River and established a camp named Kloofkamp at this location. On March 7, 1910 the Dutch established a settlement at this location that they named Hollandia and from this location administered Dutch New Guinea.
During April 1942 occupied by the Japanese Army. The Hollandia area was developed into a base area with three airfields: Hollandia Airfield, Sentani Airfield and Cyclops Airfield with Tami Airfield further to the east. During April 1943 until April 1944, targeted by Allied aircraft, the airfields were neutralized by the middle of April 1944.
American missions against Hollandia
General MacArthur planned a daring leapfrog operation to bypass stronger Japanese garrisons along the north coast of New Guinea for a landing further to the west at Hollandia which was weakly defended in an operation aimed at capturing the airfields in the area and development of Hollandia into a base for future operations including the liberation of the Philippines.
Battle of Hollandia
After the battle the Hollandia area was immediately repaired and developed into a major U. S. Army base and staging area for future operations including the landings at Biak, Leyte and Luzon. Hollandia was designated "Base G" by U. S. Army letter base designation. Hollandia remained an important American base until the end of the Pacific War.
Humbolt Bay (White Beach)
Hollandia Area Airfields
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