4° 20' 60S Long 152° 16' 0E Kokopo borders Blanche Bay to the north, to the east is Vunapope and Takubar. During 1884, Herbertshöhe was settled by the Germans as the capital of Deutsch Neu Guinea (German New Guinea) until 1910. Queen Emma's residence was located at this location. The local name for this location is "Kokopo".
World War I
On September 11, 1914, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) including HMAS
Parramatta, HMAS Yarra,
HMAS Encounter, HMAS Warrego and later HMAS Berrima landed forces at Kabakaul and Herbertshöhe then advanced inland to Bitapaka (Bita Paka). After the German era, known as Kokopo.
During the night of January
22, 1942 a Japanese landing force landed at Kokopo and other locations in the Rabaul vicinity, including Karavia Bay near Vulcan. During 1943, Kokopo Anti-Aircraft Defense Unit headquarters was baed at Kokopo. Occupied by the Japanese for the duration of the war until their surrender in September 1945.
After the 1994 volcanic
eruptions largely destroyed Rabaul, Kokopo was developed and built up and became the new center of town, with many shops, banks and amenities relocating to Kokopo instead of rebuilding in Rabaul.
Type 95 Ha Go Light Tank
Displayed at the center of the roundabout at Kokopo
A6M2 Model 21 Zero
Ditched off off Malapau to the west of Kokopo. Popular SCUBA dive site
Oogata Unkato No. 1 (Large Type Cargo Transporting Tube)
Abandoned or sunk on a reef off Kokopo. Salvaged by Pat Roberts (date unknown) and used to transport fresh water at Rabaul and Simpson Harbor.
This is the War and Cultural Museum, a branch of the National
Museum in Port Moresby. It contains an impressive collection of
Japanese vehicles, munitions and relics left from the long occupation,
and displays the wreckage of aircraft bits collected during new discoveries
in the past sixty years.
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July 21, 2017