February 19, 1942
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology
THURSDAY, 19 FEBRUARY 1942
IJN: Japanese carrier aircraft from Hiryu and Soryu and Akagi attack Darwin and Darwin Harbor bombing vessels loaded with troops and supplies and sink twelve vessels including USS Peary (DD-226), MV Neptuna, Kelat, British Motorist, Zealandia, Meigs and Mauna Loa. Ten P-40E Warhawks sent to Darwin to escort the convoy are almost entirely wiped out during the air raid. Lost is A6M2 Zero 5349 (pilot POW, first prisoner captured in Australia). Lost are P-40E piloted by Rice (survived) and P-40E piloted by Pell (KIA).
USN: PBY Catalina 2306 is shot down near Bathurst Island. Sunk is USS Peary (DD-226) in Darwin Harbor.
PACIFIC OCEAN AREA (POA, 7th Air Force): VII Air Force Base Cmmand (AFBC) is
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA (SWPA, 5th Air Force): In the NEI, A-24s, with P-40
escort, and B-17's operating out of Malang, Madioen, and Jogjakarta,
attack vessels landing troops on Bali; the attacks, carried out during the aftenoon
of 19 Feb and throughout the morning of 20 Feb, cause considerable damage to
vessels but fail to halt the landings; P-40's shoot down or turn back seversl
bombers sweeping west over Java. Destroyed by a Japanese air raid at Bandoeng Airfield was B-17E 41-2493, B-17E 41-2503, B-17E 41-2466 and LB-30 Liberator.
USA: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066 with the intention of preventing espionage on American shores. Military zones were created in California, Washington and Oregon all three with large population of Japanese Americans and the executive order began the relocation of roughly 117,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry, the majority of whom were U.S. citizens.
Canada: In British Columbia a 100 mile security zone is declared and all men of Japanese ancestry between the ages of 18-45 are ordered to vacate. A total of 23,000 Canadian-Japanese men, women and children will be sent to labor camps in the interior of the province.