Franklin Delano Roosevelt
32nd President of the United States 1933–1945
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was born January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York to parents James Roosevelt and his second wife Sara Ann Delano who were sixth cousins. In 1905, he married his fifth cousin once removed, Eleanor Roosevelt and the couple had six children with five surviving to adulthood.
As an elected official, Roosevelt served in the New York State Senate 1911–1913. Next, he was appointed by U. S. President Woodrow Wilson as Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1913–1920. Afterwards, he was elected as 44th Governor of New York State between 1929–1932. He was elected as the 32nd President of the United States of America (USA) and was the longest serving U. S. President in history who was elected and served four terms between 1933–1945.
On July 1, 1933 Roosevelt boarded USS Indianapolis (CA-35) at Campobello Island in New Brunswick, Canada and two days later arrived at Annapolis, Maryland where where six members of his Cabinet toured the battleship then the President disembarked on July 4, 1933. On November 18, 1936 Roosevelt again boarded USS Indianapolis (CA-35) at Charleston for a "Good-Neighbor" cruise to South America visiting Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, and Montevideo then returned to Charleston on December 15, 1936 where the President disembarked.
During World War II, Roosevelt was U. S. President and supported Britain and the Allies with armaments as part of the "Arsenal of Democracy" and began to ramp up the U. S. economy for war. Against Japanese aggression in Asia, the Roosevelt administration attempted sanctions and embargoes.
On December 7, 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and Oahu and meanwhile across the international date line on December 8, 1941 Japanese aircraft attacked American possessions including the Philippines and Guam. On December 8, 1941 Roosevelt addressed U. S. Congress and famously said the Hawaii attack was "a date which will live in infamy" and within an hour Congress passed a formal declaration of war against Japan and officially brought the U.S. into World War II. On December 11, 1941 Nazi Germany declared war on the United States in what they claimed were a series of provocations and later that day, the U. S. officially declared war on Germany.
During early February 1945, Roosevelt attended the Yalta Conference in Yalta in the Crimean. During the conference, the "Big Three" Allied leaders met for the last time: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Also in attendance were senior U. S. military leaders including Fleet Admiral Ernest King, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, General of the Army George Marshall, Major General Laurence S. Kuter, General. At the conference, Roosevelt appeared frail and tired signs the stress of the war was taking a toll on his health.
On March 29, 1945 Roosevelt traveled to the Little White House in Warm Springs, Georgia for rest. On April 12, 1945 at 3:45pm he died at age 63 of intracerebral hemorrhage. Afterwards, Vice President Harry S. Truman was sworn in as the 33rd U. S. President. On April 13, 1945 Roosevelt's body was transported by train to Washington, D. C. with thousands paying respect as the train passed. On April 14, 1945 after a White House Funeral his coffin was transported by train back to his hometown of Hyde Park.
On April 15, 1945 Roosevelt was laid to rest according to his wishes at the Rose Garden of the Roosevelt's Springwood Estate in Hyde Park, NY. His grave is a U. S. National Historic Site at the F. D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Archives, the first Presidential Library established for any U. S. President. In 1965, the FDR Memorial was dedicated at the National Archives in Washington, D. C. with the words "In memory of Franklin Delano Roosevelt" dedicated by family and close friends and the modest memorial was intentional, envisioned by FDR himself. In 1996, the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial was dedicated in 1997.
USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CV-42) commissioned October 27, 1945 was named in honor of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
National Park Service (NPS) Home Of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site
NARA "The other FDR Memorial" by Jessiekratz April 10, 2015
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (photo, grave photo)
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