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April 12, 1945
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology


ZONE OF INTERIOR (ZI): U. S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies in Warm Springs, Georgia. Afterwards, Vice President Harry S. Truman is sworn in as the 33rd U. S. President of the United States.

ALASKA (Eleventh Air Force): P-38s shoot down paper bomb-balloons over Attu.

CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, twelve B-24s supported by fourteen P-51s, bomb the Wuchang railroad yards and Wuchang Airfield; Seven B-25s bomb the Hsuchang railroad yards, 3 hit Loning, 2 attack Likuanchiao, 2 bomb Tenghsien, and a single B-25 attack storage areas at Pingyao and Huaiching; 100+ fighter-bombers attack troops, horses, bridges, river shipping, trucks, and railroad targets at several locations in French Indochina and at points scattered over S and E China; the 449th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, based at Chengkung with P-38s, sends a detachment to operate from Posek.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): 75 fighter-bombers continue to pound targets in the C Burma battle area; troop concentrations, gun positions, supplies, vehicles, and general targets of opportunity are attacked along the battlefront, behind enemy lines, and along roads S of the bomb line; 369 air supply sorties are flown throughout the day. The 20th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, based at Myitkyina, with F-6s and P-40s, sends a flight to operate from Akyab Airfield.

AAFPOA Seventh Air Force: 24 B-24s, based on Angaur Airfield hit a personnel area at Kabacan on Mindanao. VII Fighter Command: 90 P-51s are dispatched to escort B-29s on a raid against Tokyo; they claim 15-6-3 Japanese aircraft; Four P-51s are lost. During the night of 12/13 Apr, 6 Iwo Jima based fighters, operating singly at intervals, bomb and strafe targets on Kita, Chichi, Haha, and Ani Jima.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): Four missions are flown during the day. Mission 63: 94 B-29s, escorted by 90 P-51s, strike the Nakajima aircraft factory at Tokyo while 11 hit the secondary target, the Shizuoka engine plant; B-29s gunners claim 16 fighters downed. Mission 64: 66 B-29s hit a chemical plant at Koriyama and 9 hit targets of opportunity. Mission 65: 70 B-29s hit a second chemical plant at Koriyama and 6 hit targets of opportunity; two B-29s are lost. Mission 66: During the night of 12/13 April, five B-29s mine Shimonoseki Strait.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: P-38s and A-20s support ground troops on Cebu and Negros. On Mindanao Island, B-24s bomb Sapakan, Kabacan and the Davao Bay areas and P-38s hit Cotabato and also Kabacan. On Luzon, B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers pound targets throughout the Cagayan Valley, blast defenses at Balete Pass and in the Baguio area, and hit troops, communications targets, and defenses at numerous points in SW and SE Luzon Island. On Formosa, B-24s attack Tainan Airfield and bomb Okayama Airfield. The 70th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Dulag to Tanauan with C-46s and C-47s.

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