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August 6, 1945
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology

MONDAY, 6 AUGUST 1945

20th Air Force: The world's first atomic attack takes place. At 2:45pm B-29 "Enola Gay" 44-86292 piloted by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets with atomic bomb "Little Boy" took off from North Field on Tinian. At 2-minute intervals, followed by B-29 "Great Artiste" piloted by Major Charles W. Sweeney and B-29 Number 91 piloted by Captain George W. Marquardt. At 8:15am from 31,600' the atomic bomb is released over Hiroshima it explodes fifty seconds later. 80+% of the city's buildings are destroyed and over 71,000 people killed according to Japanese figures (or 70,000–80,000 according to U. S. figures). Afterwards, B-29 "Enola Gay" 44-86292 lands at 2:58pm followed within the hour by the two observation B-29s. Almost 100 fighters from Iwo Jima attack airfields and military installations at six locations around Tokyo.

Fourteenth Air Force: In China, 10 P-51s and P-47s damage 10 locomotives between Tehsien and Suchow and 5 around Anyang, Kaifeng, and Loyang, and lightly damage bridges N of Chihsien and S of Houmachen.

MALAYA: P-38s attack Singapore, two were shot down.

WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: Okinawa-based aircraft pound targets on Kyushu; 150+ P-47s and A-26s fight bad weather to hit the primary, Miyakonojo; 170+ B-24s, B-25s, and P-47s hit Kagoshima as a secondary target; and 60+ B-25s and P-51s attack shipping and ground targets of opportunity in the Tsushima Strait area and in the N Ryukyu Islands. P-51s operating in the area between Kyushu and Korea bomb an airfield and strafe numerous targets of opportunity on Saishu Island and P-47s bomb Anjo on Tanega Island. Other aircraft, operating individually or in pairs, hit various targets of opportunity on the southern Korea coast, in the Inland Sea, S Honshu, west Shikoku, throughout the N Ryukyu Islands, and in the Shanghai area. B-24s pound resistance pockets on Negros Island in the Philippine Islands. Unit moves: HQ 3d Bombardment Group and 89th and 90th Bombardment Squadrons from San Jose to Okinawa with A-26s; HQ 8th Fighter Group and 36th Fighter Squadron from San Jose to Ie Shima with P-38s; ground echelon of 26th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 6th Reconnaissance Group, from Lingayen Airfield to Okinawa (air echelon remains at Clark Field with F-5s).

IJN: J7W1 Shinden Prototype No. 1 made a second short, successful test flight piloted by designer Captain Masaoki Tsuruno.

USMC: Lost is PBJ Mitchell 35114 (MIA).

USN: USS Bullhead (SS-332) is sunk by JAAF Ki-51 Sonia off Bali.



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