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  Lockheed Model 10E Electra Constructors Number 1055 Registration NR16020



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Lockheed March 20, 1937

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March 1937

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July 2, 1937
Pilot  Amelia Mary Earhart (missing) Atchison, KS
Navigator  Frederick Joseph "Fred" Noonan (missing)
Missing  July 2, 1937

Aircraft History
Built by Lockheed at Burbank as one of fifteen Model 10E Electras. Constructors Number 1055. Specially equipped with two Pratt & Whitney "Wasp" R-1340 S3H1 radial engines rated at 550 hp each. Registered in the United States as NR16020.

On May 21, 1937 pilot Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan departed on their second attempt to circumnavigate the world departing Oakland Airfield and flying southward to Burbank Airfield then eastward across the United States via Tucson, Arizona and New Orleans, Louisiana before arriving at Miami Airport. In Miami, she announced she would make her second attempt to circumnavigate the world.

On June 15, 1937 took off from Assab, Eritrea and flys 1,400 miles over over the Red Sea and north of the Gulf of Aden before landing safely at Karachi Airport at night. On June 16, 1937 at 7:25am took off from Karachi Airport on a 1,350 mile flight eastward. On June 17, 1937 lands at Kolkata Airport (Dum Dum Airfield) near Calcutta in India.

Mission History
On July 2, 1937 took off from Lae Airfield on the north coast of New Guinea on a flight over the Pacific Ocean bound for Kamakaiwi Airfield on Howland Island. Although in radio contact with U. S. Coast Guard (USCG) radio operators, they never reached their destination and went missing.

Search
Two hours after U. S. Coast Guard radio operators lost contact with the aircraft, U. S. Coast Guard cutter Itasca began searching to the north and northwest of Howland Island and continued sweeping that area for the next week without result.

The U.S. Navy (USN) joined the search which eventually involved the battleship USS Colorado (BB-45), USS Swan (AVP-7), USS Lexington CV-2 plus three escorting destroyers USS Cushing (DD-376), USS Lamson (DD-367) and USS Drayton (DD-366).

The Japanese oceanographic survey ship Koshu searched in the Marshall Islands. Some sources falsely claimed that Kamoi also participated in the search. Although briefly ordered, the vessel never participated in any search nor was it in area.

The official U.S. search for Earhart was abandoned on July 18, 1937 with no trace of the aircraft or crew found. The cost of the search was estimated by the press to be $4 million dollars and the effort was touted as the largest search and rescue operation ever mounted up to that time. In truth, the actual cost of the search in excess of routine fleet operations was never officially calculated, bur the 1927 search for French transatlantic fliers Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli involved more ships for a greater time over a larger area. Earhart, however, remains one of the most famous unsolved aircraft disappearances in the world.

Memorials
Earhart was officially declared "legally dead" on January 5, 1939. Noonan was officially declared dead on June 20, 1938.

Earhart has a memorial marker at Valhalla Memorial Park in North Hollywood, CA in the portal of the folded wings.

At Lae Airfield on July 2, 1987, an Amelia Earhart Memorial was dedicated near the runway, donated by Air Niugini.

The disappearance of this Electra is one of aviation's greatest unsolved mysteries. Earhart's disappearance has spawned many Amelia Earhart myths and unsupported claims about her fate. None of these myths are true or substantiated and span many regions of the Pacific.

References
Amelia Earhart myths and unsupported claims about her fate
Tripline - Amelia Earhart's Circumnavigation Attempt
FindAGrave - Amelia Earhart (photo)
FindAGrave - Amelia Earhart (memorial marker Valhalla Memorial Park)
FindAGrave - Frederick Joseph "Fred" Noonan (photo)
Paradise Magazine "Amelia Earhart Remembered" by Bruce Hoy No. 63, July - August 1984
Flightpath Magazine "Amelia Earhart Remembered" by Bruce Hoy, Volume 4 No. 3
Flightpath Magazine "Leave Amelia Alone" by Michael Claringbould 2003
Lockheed - Model 10 Electra

TIGHAR - The Earhart Project


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Last Updated
April 8, 2021

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