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August 1, 1944
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology

TUESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1944
BURMA-INDIA (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 8 B-25s bomb several points along the railway from Naba to Hopin; fighter-bombers attack Shwegu, hit bridges in the Mohnyin area, and support ground forces in the Myitkyina and Taungni sectors. During Aug, the 89th Fighter Squadron, 80th Fighter Group, based at Nagaghuli with P-47s, sends a detachment to operate from Dergaon.

CHINA (Fourteenth Air Force): Eight B-25s bomb Wuchang Airfield; 2 others hit the town of Siangyin; 90+ P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance hit trucks, troops, supplies, and river shipping in and around Hengyang, Leiyang, Sinshih, Hengshan, Liling, Changsha, and Siangyin; the airfield and railroad yards at Hengyang are also bombed. During Aug, the 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth Air Force, based at Kunming with F-4s and F-5s, sends a detachment to operate from Kanchow, China.

AAFPOA is activated at Hickam Field with Lieutenant General Millard Harmon as Commanding General. Harmon is to be responsible to Lieutenant General Robert C Richardson, Jr, Commanding General US Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas (USAFPOA), for logistics and administration, and to Admiral Chester W Nimitz, Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPOA), for operations of AAF air units except those of the Twentieth Air Force. Harmon also is Deputy Commander of the Twentieth Air Force and is responsible directly to General Henry H "Hap" Arnold in all matters affecting the Twentieth in the POA.

Seventh Air Force: The Seventh AF comes under control of AAFPOA. B-25s hit Ponape. Organized resistance ends on Tinian; P-47s and P-61s on Saipan will continue steady daylight and night combat patrols and strikes almost around the clock to the fall of Guam on August 10; most of the P-47 flying is devoted to neutralizing Pagan Airfield and Rota and for direct support of Marine and Army forces fighting on Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

USMC: Tinian was officially declared secure at a cost of 328 Marines killed and 1,571 wounded. The Japanese lost 5,000 dead.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24's bomb Utagal Island, Caroline Islands and Namlea Airfield. In New Guinea, weather cancels scheduled strikes against the Vogelkop Peninsula area, but a few B-25s hit shipping in the islands to the W, sinking luggers off Kaboe and Salawat Islands and strafing troops on the shores of MacCluer Gulf; the weather also restricts operations against the Wewak area; a few P-39s strafe coastal trails. During Aug, HQ 42d Bombardment Group (Medium) moves from Stirling to Hollandia, the 12th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, that has been operating from Stirling Airfield returns to base on Guadalcanal. Lost is B-25H 43-4332 and B-25D 41-30372.



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