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July 24, 1945
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology

TUESDAY, 24 JULY 1945

Twentieth Air Force: 7 missions of 625 B-29s are flown against targets in the Nagoya and Osaka areas; 1 B-29 is lost. Mission 284: 82 B-29s attack the Sumitomo Light Metals Industries propeller factory at Osaka; most of the machine tools had been removed but the facility is completely wrecked; 4 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost. Mission 285: 81 B-29s hit the Kawanishi Aircraft Plant at Takarazuka destroying 77% of the plant; 3 others hit alternate targets. Mission 286: 153 B-29s hit the Osaka Arsenal and Kuwana; the arsenal sustains additional damage amounting to 10% of the original roof area; 9 others hit alternate targets; Mission 287: 66 B-29s attack the Aichi aircraft plant at Eitoku; the plant sustains its heaviest damage of the war; 5 others hit alternate targets. Missions 288 and 289: 113 B-29s hit the urban are of the city of Tsu; 2 others hit alternate targets. Mission 290: 77 B-29s attack the Nakajima plant at Handa destroying the principal assembly buildings; 1 B-29 hit an alternate target. 91 P-51s from Iwo Jima, hit airfields and other tactical targets at Hamamatsu, Suruga Bay, and other points in the Nagoya area.

USN: Task Force 38 (TF-38) under the command of Vice Admiral J. S. McCain carrier aircraft attack Inland Sea shipping in the Kure area and airfields on northern Kyushu. Lost is F4U Corsair 81319 (KIA, BR).

USMC: Marine aircraft from USS Vella Gulf (CVE-111) attack positions on Pagan.

CHINA THEATER (AAF, China Theater) Fourteenth Air Force: Eight B-25s and six P-51s pound truck convoys in the Hengyang area, hit river shipping near Pakonghow, and damage a bridge and storage area and knock out AA positions at Puchi and 15 P-51s blast the Changsha area, destroying an estimated 28 warehouses and 8 fuel storage buildings. 80+ P-51s, P-38s, and P-47s over French Indochina and S and E China continue to disrupt the Japanese withdrawal, pounding dozens of targets of opportunity at numerous locations.

WESTERN PACIFIC [Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: 100+ Fifth AF B-24s fly their first strike from Okinawa, bombing the Chiang Wan Airfield N of Shanghai; Seventh AF B-25s from Okinawa hit Wusung and Lunghua Airfields in the Shanghai area while A-26s and B-25s attack the Tachang and Tinghai Airfields; and fighter-bombers hit shipping and targets of opportunity throughout the general area attacked by the bombers. In Borneo, Thirteenth AF B-25s pound Jesselton Airfield and B-24s hit Oelin Airfield and Tabanio Airfield. Other B-25s hit Itu Aba Island, China. Fifth AF fighter-bombers support ground forces in the Infanta and Leyban areas of Luzon. Unit moves: 65th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), from Clark Field to Ie Shima with B-24s; detachment of the 419th Night Fighter Squadron, XIII Fighter Command, operating from Sanga Sanga, to base at Puerto Princesa with P-61s; 421st Night Fighter Squadron, V Fighter Command, from Clark Field to Ie Shima with P-61s; 822d and 823d Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 38th Bombardment Group (Heavy), from Lingayen Airfield to Okinawa with B-24s.

USN: Lost on an anti-shipping sweep along the west coast of Korea are PB4Y-2 "Gear Down (and Locked)" 59519 (MIA) and PB4Y-2 59747 (MIA).

Australian Army: The 8th Infantry Battalion attack "Base 5" a series of Japanese bunkers and positions on the southern edge of Buoi Plantation in northern Bougainville. During the action, Private Frank J. Partridge single handedly attacked and neutralized a bunker and later earned the Victoria Cross (VC) for outstanding heroism and fortitude.



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