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April 1, 1945
Today in World War II Pacific History
Day by day chronology


CHINA THEATER (Fourteenth Air Force): Four B-25s attack railroad targets at Ninh Binh and Minh Koi, French Indochina. In China, 7 B-24s bomb the Ft Bayard storage area; 6 B-25s and 6 P-51s attack river shipping and warehouses in the Sienning-Puchi area; 5 B-25s hit warehouses and other buildings at Hsuchang while 3 damage a bridge at Changtuikuan; single B-25s bomb targets of opportunity around Sanshihlitun, Sichuan, Loning, and Suicheng; 23 P-51s pound airfields in the Shanghai area; 70+ other fighter-bombers attack river, road, and rail traffic, storage areas, troops, and general targets of opportunity throughout wide areas of occupied S and E China; the detachments of the 11th and 22d Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group (Medium), operating from Chihkiang with B-25s, return to base at Yangkai; during April 1945, the 426th Night Fighter Squadron, Fourteenth AF (attached to 312th Fighter Wing), based at Shwangliu with P-61s, sends detachments to operate from Liangshan and Ankang.

INDIA-BURMA THEATER (Tenth Air Force): Ten B-25s attack roads and bridges behind enemy lines in central Burma; 478 transport flights are made throughout the day; British 36 Division forces begin to push down the railroad from Mandalay to Rangoon. Unit moves In India: 12th Combat Cargo Squadron, 3d Combat Cargo Group, from Moran to Tulihal with C-47s; detachments of the 24th Combat Mapping Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, operating from Tulihal and Cox's Bazar with F-7s, return to base at Guskhara.

AAFPOA (Seventh Air Force): The detachment of the 28th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, VI Air Service Area Command (attached to VII Fighter Command), operating from Peleliu with F-5s, joins the detachment operating from Saipan.

HQ AAF (Twentieth Air Force): During April 1945, the 25th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy), 40th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), the 676th, 677th and 678th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 444th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), and the 768th, 769th and 770th Bombardment Squadrons (Very Heavy), 462d Bombardment Group move from Chakulia, Dudhkundi and Piardoba respectively to West Field on Tinian with B-29s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA [SWPA, Far East Air Force (FEAF)]: B-24s attack Giran Airfield on Formosa while B-25s and P-47s sweep wide areas. On Luzon, B-24s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers hit the Legaspi area (where a US amphibious landing is taking place), targets north of Balete Pass, the Batangas area, and support troops over parts of S and NW Luzon. In the C Philippine Islands, B-25s and A-20s support ground forces near Cebu City and on Negros. B-24s hit Oelin Airfield. The 159th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 3d Air Commando Group, based at Mangaldan with UC-64s and L-5s, sends detachments to operate from Negros and Cebu. Unit moves during Apr 45: HQ Fifth Air Force from Mindoro to Clark Field, Luzon; 4th Photographic Charting Squadron, 311th Photographic Wing (Mapping and Charting) [attached to 4th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance)], based at Hollandia with F-7s, sends a detachment to operate from Zamboanga to map areas of the SW and W Pacific (another detachment is operating in Australia). Lost is A-20G Havoc 43-21628 (pilot KIA, gunner rescued).

U. S. Army / USMC: L-Day at 8:30am American forces including U. S. Marines from the III Amphibious Corps and U. S. Army XXIV Corps land land at Hagushi Bay on Okinawa Island. Initially, the American met little resistance as Japanese forces prepare to defend further to the south.

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